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  1. L-carnitine (LC) is used as a supplement by recreationally-active, competitive and highly trained athletes. This systematic review aims to evaluate the effect of prolonged LC supplementation on metabolism and ...

    Authors: Angelika K. Sawicka, Gianluca Renzi and Robert A. Olek

    Citation: Journal of the International Society of Sports Nutrition 2020 17:49

    Content type: Review

    Published on:

  2. An amendment to this paper has been published and can be accessed via the original article.

    Authors: Patrick S. Harty, Matthew T. Stratton, Guillermo Escalante, Christian Rodriguez, Jacob R. Dellinger, Abegale D. Williams, Sarah J. White, Robert W. Smith, Baylor A. Johnson, Mark B. Sanders and Grant M. Tinsley

    Citation: Journal of the International Society of Sports Nutrition 2020 17:48

    Content type: Correction

    Published on:

    The original article was published in Journal of the International Society of Sports Nutrition 2020 17:45

  3. An acute bout of exercise induces an inflammatory response characterized by increases in several cytokines. Caffeine ingestion could modify this inflammatory response. The aim of this study was to determine th...

    Authors: Lluis Rodas, Sonia Martinez, Antoni Aguilo and Pedro Tauler

    Citation: Journal of the International Society of Sports Nutrition 2020 17:47

    Content type: Research article

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  4. Protein supplementation has been suggested to augment endurance training adaptations by increasing mixed muscle and myofibrillar protein synthesis and lean body mass. However, a potential beneficial effect on ...

    Authors: Mette Hansen, Mikkel Oxfeldt, Anne E. Larsen, Lise S. Thomsen, Torben Rokkedal-Lausch, Britt Christensen, Nikolaj Rittig, Frank V. De Paoli, Jens Bangsbo, Niels Ørtenblad and Klavs Madsen

    Citation: Journal of the International Society of Sports Nutrition 2020 17:46

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  5. Energy drinks are often consumed by the general population, as well as by active individuals seeking to enhance exercise performance and augment training adaptations. However, limited information is available ...

    Authors: Patrick S. Harty, Matthew T. Stratton, Guillermo Escalante, Christian Rodriguez, Jacob R. Dellinger, Abegale D. Williams, Sarah J. White, Robert W. Smith, Baylor A. Johnson, Mark B. Sanders and Grant M. Tinsley

    Citation: Journal of the International Society of Sports Nutrition 2020 17:45

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

    The Correction to this article has been published in Journal of the International Society of Sports Nutrition 2020 17:48

  6. To examine the effects of varying doses of caffeine on autonomic reactivation following anaerobic exercise.

    Authors: Amir Sarshin, Alireza Naderi, Carlos Janssen Gomes da Cruz, Foad Feizolahi, Scott C. Forbes, Darren G. Candow, Ebrahim Mohammadgholian, Mehrdad Amiri, Naghmeh Jafari, Alireza Rahimi, Eidi Alijani and Conrad P. Earnest

    Citation: Journal of the International Society of Sports Nutrition 2020 17:44

    Content type: Research article

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  7. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the possible effect of a period of 6 months of aerobic physical training on serum and urinary concentrations of arsenic (As), beryllium (Be), cadmium (Cd) and lead ...

    Authors: Diego Muñoz, Francisco J. Grijota, Ignacio Bartolomé, Jesús Siquier-Coll, Víctor Toro-Román and Marcos Maynar

    Citation: Journal of the International Society of Sports Nutrition 2020 17:43

    Content type: Research article

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  8. Previous investigations suggest that appropriate nutritional interventions may reduce delayed onset muscle soreness (DOMS). This study examined the effect of D-ribose supplementation on DOMS induced by plyomet...

    Authors: Wei Cao, Junqiang Qiu, Tianwei Cai, Longyan Yi, Dan Benardot and Menghui Zou

    Citation: Journal of the International Society of Sports Nutrition 2020 17:42

    Content type: Research article

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  9. Avenanthramides (AVA) are a group of di-phenolic acids found only in oats and have shown antioxidant and anti-inflammatory effects in vitro and in vivo. Eccentric muscle contraction is intimately involved in r...

    Authors: Tianou Zhang, Tong Zhao, Yuzi Zhang, Tao Liu, Gilles Gagnon, Jacqueline Ebrahim, Jodee Johnson, Yi-Fang Chu and Li Li Ji

    Citation: Journal of the International Society of Sports Nutrition 2020 17:41

    Content type: Research article

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  10. Investigations of β-alanine supplementation shows effects on metabolic (aerobic and anaerobic) participation and performance on swimming by a possible blood acidosis buffering. Considering this background, the...

    Authors: Matheus Silva Norberto, Ricardo Augusto Barbieri, Danilo Rodrigues Bertucci, Ronaldo Bucken Gobbi, Eduardo Zapaterra Campos, Alessandrou Moura Zagatto, Ellen Cristini De Freitas and Marcelo Papoti

    Citation: Journal of the International Society of Sports Nutrition 2020 17:40

    Content type: Research article

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  11. Few studies have demonstrated the suppressive effects of amino acids (AAs) on the level of cortisol during exercise in humans. We hypothesized that an AA mixture containing arginine, which promotes lipid metab...

    Authors: Yuichi Tsuda, Rika Murakami, Makoto Yamaguchi and Taiichiro Seki

    Citation: Journal of the International Society of Sports Nutrition 2020 17:39

    Content type: Research article

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  12. While scientific evidence supports the efficacy of only limited nutritional supplements (NS) on sports performance, the use of NS is widespread in athletes. Given the serious issues of health damage or uninten...

    Authors: Shogo Tabata, Fumihiro Yamasawa, Suguru Torii, Tomohiro Manabe, Hiroshi Kamada, Akira Namba, Jo Kato, Haruka Kaneko, Keitaro Tahara, Yuka Tsukahara and Kazuki Sato

    Citation: Journal of the International Society of Sports Nutrition 2020 17:38

    Content type: Research article

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  13. Recent evidence indicates that elevating plasma nitrites through dietary nitrates (NO3) supplementation is associated with enhanced muscle efficiency, fatigue resistance and performance. Beetroot (in various for...

    Authors: Tomas Liubertas, Ramutis Kairaitis, Loreta Stasiule, Sandrija Capkauskiene, Arvydas Stasiulis, Pranas Viskelis, Jonas Viškelis and Dalia Urbonaviciene

    Citation: Journal of the International Society of Sports Nutrition 2020 17:37

    Content type: Research article

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  14. Properly replacing energy and fluids is a challenge for 24-h ultramarathoners because such unusually high intake may induce adverse effects (gastrointestinal symptoms [GIS] and exercise-associated hyponatremia...

    Authors: Chloé Lavoué, Julien Siracusa, Émeric Chalchat, Cyprien Bourrilhon and Keyne Charlot

    Citation: Journal of the International Society of Sports Nutrition 2020 17:36

    Content type: Research article

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  15. The aim of the present study was to determine changes occurring in the erythrocyte concentrations of chromium (Cr), copper (Cu), manganese (Mn), molybdenum (Mo), selenium (Se) and zinc (Zn) in male subjects wi...

    Authors: M. Maynar, F. J. Grijota, J. Siquier-Coll, I. Bartolome, M. C. Robles and D. Muñoz

    Citation: Journal of the International Society of Sports Nutrition 2020 17:35

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  16. An amendment to this paper has been published and can be accessed via the original article.

    Authors: Marcos Maynar Mariño, Francisco Javier Grijota, Ignacio Bartolomé, Jesús Siquier-Coll, Victor Toro Román and Diego Muñoz

    Citation: Journal of the International Society of Sports Nutrition 2020 17:34

    Content type: Correction

    Published on:

    The original article was published in Journal of the International Society of Sports Nutrition 2020 17:8

  17. The ketogenic diet has become popular among endurance athletes as a performance enhancer. This paper systematically reviews the evidence regarding the effect of the endurance athlete’s ketogenic diet (EAKD) on...

    Authors: Caitlin P. Bailey and Erin Hennessy

    Citation: Journal of the International Society of Sports Nutrition 2020 17:33

    Content type: Review

    Published on:

  18. Endurance runners frequently experience exercise-induced gastrointestinal (GI) symptoms, negatively impacting their performance. Food choices pre-exercise have a significant impact on the gut’s tolerance to ru...

    Authors: Jill A. Parnell, Kim Wagner-Jones, Robyn F. Madden and Kelly Anne Erdman

    Citation: Journal of the International Society of Sports Nutrition 2020 17:32

    Content type: Research article

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  19. Equivocal findings examining the influence of caffeine on performance and biological responses to exercise may be due to inter-individual variability in cardiorespiratory or neuromuscular fitness. This study e...

    Authors: Andreas Apostolidis, Vassilis Mougios, Ilias Smilios, Maria Frangous and Marios Hadjicharalambous

    Citation: Journal of the International Society of Sports Nutrition 2020 17:31

    Content type: Research article

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  20. Nutritional ergogenic aids are commonly used to boost physiological adaptations to exercise and promote greater fitness gains. However, there is a paucity of data about multi-ingredient pre-workout supplementa...

    Authors: Caique Figueiredo, Fábio Santos Lira, Fabricio Eduardo Rossi, François Billaut, Rodrigo Loschi and Camila S. Padilha

    Citation: Journal of the International Society of Sports Nutrition 2020 17:30

    Content type: Research article

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  21. High-intensity interval training (HIIT) is an effective approach to improve physical fitness, but consuming beer, which is a regular practice in many physically active individuals, may interfere with these eff...

    Authors: Cristina Molina-Hidalgo, Alejandro De-la-O, Manuel Dote-Montero, Francisco J. Amaro-Gahete and Manuel J. Castillo

    Citation: Journal of the International Society of Sports Nutrition 2020 17:29

    Content type: Research article

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  22. Muscular damage sustained while playing rugby may hinder performance across a season. β-Hydroxy β-Methylbutyrate (HMB) may help attenuate muscle damage and maintain lean mass and performance. This study sought...

    Authors: Gerald T. Mangine, Trisha A. VanDusseldorp, Garrett M. Hester, Jennifer M. Julian and Yuri Feito

    Citation: Journal of the International Society of Sports Nutrition 2020 17:28

    Content type: Research article

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  23. There are animal data suggesting green tea can enhance blood flow. However, human data are lacking. Thus, the purpose of this study was to examine the acute effects of low and high doses of a green tea-based s...

    Authors: Carlton D. Fox, Christian T. Garner, Petey W. Mumford, Darren T. Beck and Michael D. Roberts

    Citation: Journal of the International Society of Sports Nutrition 2020 17:27

    Content type: Research article

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  24. A previous clinical study reported that the addition of an amylopectin/chromium complex (ACr; Velositol®) to 6 g of whey protein (WP) significantly enhanced muscle protein synthesis (MPS). Branched-chain amino...

    Authors: James R. Komorowski, Sara Perez Ojalvo, Sarah Sylla, Hakki Tastan, Cemal Orhan, Mehmet Tuzcu, Nurhan Sahin and Kazim Sahin

    Citation: Journal of the International Society of Sports Nutrition 2020 17:26

    Content type: Research article

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  25. Blackcurrants have come to be regarded as a superfood because of their high polyphenol content, namely anthocyanins. While many berry types have been studied, blackcurrant-anthocyanins may be the superior berr...

    Authors: A. J. Braakhuis, V. X. Somerville and R. D. Hurst

    Citation: Journal of the International Society of Sports Nutrition 2020 17:25

    Content type: Review

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  26. The microorganisms in the gastrointestinal tract play a significant role in nutrient uptake, vitamin synthesis, energy harvest, inflammatory modulation, and host immune response, collectively contributing to h...

    Authors: Alex E. Mohr, Ralf Jäger, Katie C. Carpenter, Chad M. Kerksick, Martin Purpura, Jeremy R. Townsend, Nicholas P. West, Katherine Black, Michael Gleeson, David B. Pyne, Shawn D. Wells, Shawn M. Arent, Richard B. Kreider, Bill I. Campbell, Laurent Bannock, Jonathan Scheiman…

    Citation: Journal of the International Society of Sports Nutrition 2020 17:24

    Content type: Review

    Published on:

  27. The present study investigated the effects of chronic sodium bicarbonate (NaHCO3) ingestion on a single bout of high-intensity exercise and on acid-base balance during 7-day high-altitude exposure.

    Authors: Mirjam Limmer, Markus de Marées and Petra Platen

    Citation: Journal of the International Society of Sports Nutrition 2020 17:22

    Content type: Research article

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  28. It has been suggested that polymorphisms within CYP1A2 impact inter-individual variation in the response to caffeine. The purpose of this study was to explore the acute effects of caffeine on resistance exerci...

    Authors: Jozo Grgic, Craig Pickering, David J. Bishop, Brad J. Schoenfeld, Pavle Mikulic and Zeljko Pedisic

    Citation: Journal of the International Society of Sports Nutrition 2020 17:21

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  29. This study examined the effects of whey protein supplementation, compared with an isocaloric carbohydrate beverage and water, consumed immediately following an intense swimming trial on bone turnover in adoles...

    Authors: Alexandros Theocharidis, Brandon J. McKinlay, Dimitris Vlachopoulos, Andrea R. Josse, Bareket Falk and Panagiota Klentrou

    Citation: Journal of the International Society of Sports Nutrition 2020 17:20

    Content type: Research article

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  30. The effect of ketogenic diets (KD) on body composition in different populations has been investigated. More recently, some have recommended that athletes adhere to ketogenic diets in order to optimize changes ...

    Authors: Salvador Vargas-Molina, Jorge L. Petro, Ramón Romance, Richard B. Kreider, Brad J. Schoenfeld, Diego A. Bonilla and Javier Benítez-Porres

    Citation: Journal of the International Society of Sports Nutrition 2020 17:19

    Content type: Research article

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  31. The beneficial adaptation of skeletal muscle function to strenuous exercise is partially attributable to the improvement of vitamin D status. The present study aimed to evaluate the effects of a 3-week vitamin...

    Authors: Aleksandra Żebrowska, Ewa Sadowska-Krępa, Arkadiusz Stanula, Zbigniew Waśkiewicz, Olga Łakomy, Eduard Bezuglov, Pantelis T. Nikolaidis, Thomas Rosemann and Beat Knechtle

    Citation: Journal of the International Society of Sports Nutrition 2020 17:18

    Content type: Research article

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  32. Hydration status affects endurance performance. Pre-exercise hydration recommendations target the consumption of high carbohydrate and sodium beverages. Milk, due to its carbohydrate and sodium content, may be...

    Authors: Danniela García-Berger, Karen Mackay, Matias Monsalves-Alvarez, Carlos Jorquera, Rodrigo Ramirez-Campillo, Hermann Zbinden-Foncea and Mauricio Castro-Sepulveda

    Citation: Journal of the International Society of Sports Nutrition 2020 17:17

    Content type: Short report

    Published on:

  33. The leucine metabolite β-hydroxy-β-methylbutyrate (HMB) is widely used as an ergogenic supplement to increase resistance-training induced gains in fat free mass (FFM) and strength in healthy adults. Recent stu...

    Authors: Alexander C. Stahn, Martina Anna Maggioni, Hanns-Christian Gunga and Elmarie Terblanche

    Citation: Journal of the International Society of Sports Nutrition 2020 17:16

    Content type: Research article

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  34. Maximal strength-speed exercise is a powerful stimulus to acutely increase concentrations of circulating steroid hormones and homocysteine [Hcy]. There is some evidence that antioxidant beverages rich in polyp...

    Authors: Achraf Ammar, MounaTurki, Khaled Trabelsi, Nicola Luigi Bragazzi, Omar Boukhris, Mohamed Bouaziz, Fatma Ayadi, Kais El Abed, Tarak Driss, Nizar Souissi, Hamdi Chtourou, Stephen J. Bailey and Anita Hoekelmann

    Citation: Journal of the International Society of Sports Nutrition 2020 17:15

    Content type: Research article

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  35. Low energy availability (LEA) is a medical condition observed in athletes, with a higher prevalence in aesthetic sports. For the first time, this study evaluated the relative prevalence of LEA in female elite ...

    Authors: Kun Meng, Junqiang Qiu, Dan Benardot, Amelia Carr, Longyan Yi, Jieting Wang and Yiheng Liang

    Citation: Journal of the International Society of Sports Nutrition 2020 17:13

    Content type: Research article

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  36. Athletes are increasingly exploring ways to enhance their physical performance. Increasing blood flow to the working tissues through endothelium-dependent vasodilation is one factor athletes use to realize the...

    Authors: Jeffrey M. Rogers, Joshua Gills and Michelle Gray

    Citation: Journal of the International Society of Sports Nutrition 2020 17:12

    Content type: Research article

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  37. Although there seems to be an increasing interest in the use of dietary supplements in those who exercise recreationally and want to improve body composition, there is little published data regarding gym users...

    Authors: João Ruano and Vitor Hugo Teixeira

    Citation: Journal of the International Society of Sports Nutrition 2020 17:11

    Content type: Research article

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  38. Thermogenic fitness drink formulas (TFD) have been shown to increase energy expenditure and markers of lipid metabolism. The purpose of the current study was to compare TFD formulas containing different caffei...

    Authors: Nicolas W. Clark, Adam J. Wells, Nicholas A. Coker, Erica R. Goldstein, Chad H. Herring, Tristan M. Starling-Smith, Alyssa N. Varanoske, Valeria L. G. Panissa, Jeffrey R. Stout and David H. Fukuda

    Citation: Journal of the International Society of Sports Nutrition 2020 17:10

    Content type: Research article

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  39. We have determined the acute response of protein kinetics to one or two servings (6.3 g and 12.6 g) of a proprietary composition containing free-form essential amino acids (EAA) (3.2 g EAA per serving) and whe...

    Authors: Sanghee Park, David D. Church, Gohar Azhar, Scott E. Schutzler, Arny A. Ferrando and Robert R. Wolfe

    Citation: Journal of the International Society of Sports Nutrition 2020 17:9

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  40. The present study aimed to determine changes occurring in the erythrocyte concentrations of Iron (Fe), Magnesium (Mg) and Phosphorous (P) of subjects with different levels of physical training living in the sa...

    Authors: Marcos Maynar Mariño, Francisco Javier Grijota, Ignacio Bartolomé, Jesús Siquier-Coll, Victor Toro Román and Diego Muñoz

    Citation: Journal of the International Society of Sports Nutrition 2020 17:8

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

    The Correction to this article has been published in Journal of the International Society of Sports Nutrition 2020 17:34

  41. Deliberately training with reduced carbohydrate availability, a paradigm coined training low, has shown to promote adaptations associated with improved aerobic capacity. In this context researchers have proposed ...

    Authors: Mads S. Larsen, Lars Holm, Mads V. Svart, Astrid J. Hjelholt, Mads B. Bengtsen, Ole L. Dollerup, Line B. Dalgaard, Mikkel H. Vendelbo, Gerrit van Hall, Niels Møller, Ulla R. Mikkelsen and Mette Hansen

    Citation: Journal of the International Society of Sports Nutrition 2020 17:7

    Content type: Research article

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  42. Sports nutritional supplements containing branched-chain amino acids (BCAA) have been widely reported to improve psychological and biological aspects connected to central fatigue and performance in endurance e...

    Authors: Marco Gervasi, Davide Sisti, Stefano Amatori, Sabrina Donati Zeppa, Giosuè Annibalini, Giovanni Piccoli, Luciana Vallorani, Piero Benelli, Marco B. L. Rocchi, Elena Barbieri, Anna R. Calavalle, Deborah Agostini, Carmela Fimognari, Vilberto Stocchi and Piero Sestili

    Citation: Journal of the International Society of Sports Nutrition 2020 17:6

    Content type: Research article

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  43. Glycemia is related to energy production during exercise. Coenzyme Q10 is an antioxidant that participates in adenosine triphosphate synthesis in mitochondria. The aim of this study was to investigate the leve...

    Authors: Chien-Chang Ho, Ching-Yu Tseng, Hung-Wun Chen, Yi-Wen Chiu, Ming-Chih Tsai, Po-Sheng Chang and Ping-Ting Lin

    Citation: Journal of the International Society of Sports Nutrition 2020 17:5

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  44. The ergogenic effects of supplemental carbohydrate on aerobic exercise performance at high altitude (HA) may be modulated by acclimatization status. Longitudinal evaluation of potential performance benefits of...

    Authors: Karleigh E. Bradbury, Claire E. Berryman, Marques A. Wilson, Adam J. Luippold, Robert W. Kenefick, Andrew J. Young and Stefan M. Pasiakos

    Citation: Journal of the International Society of Sports Nutrition 2020 17:4

    Content type: Short report

    Published on:

  45. Rating of Perceived Exertion (RPE) is a subjective scale to monitor overload and fatigue during exercise. Hypoxia may worsen the perception of fatigue, compromising the self-reported perception of effort and i...

    Authors: E. Tavares-Silva, F. F. Donatto, R. M. V. Medeiros, S. A. Santos, A. V. Caris and R. V. Thomatieli-Santos

    Citation: Journal of the International Society of Sports Nutrition 2020 17:3

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  46. Caffeine supplementation (CAFF) has an established ergogenic effect on physical performance and the psychological response to exercise. However, few studies have compared the response to CAFF intake among athl...

    Authors: P. Jodra, A. Lago-Rodríguez, A. J. Sánchez-Oliver, A. López-Samanes, A. Pérez-López, P. Veiga-Herreros, A. F. San Juan and R. Domínguez

    Citation: Journal of the International Society of Sports Nutrition 2020 17:2

    Content type: Case report

    Published on:

  47. The original article [1] contains errors in Tables 1 and 3: Table 1 erroneously mentions use of a treadmill which should instead state ‘bicycle’, and Table 3 has a minor typesetting mistake.

    Authors: Ingunn Mjøs, Einar Thorsen, Trygve Hausken, Einar Lied, Roy M. Nilsen, Ingeborg Brønstad, Elisabeth Edvardsen and Bente Frisk

    Citation: Journal of the International Society of Sports Nutrition 2020 17:1

    Content type: Correction

    Published on:

    The original article was published in Journal of the International Society of Sports Nutrition 2019 16:48

  48. Position statement: The International Society of Sports Nutrition (ISSN) provides an objective and critical review of the mechanisms and use of probiotic supplementation to optimize the health, performance, and r...

    Authors: Ralf Jäger, Alex E. Mohr, Katie C. Carpenter, Chad M. Kerksick, Martin Purpura, Adel Moussa, Jeremy R. Townsend, Manfred Lamprecht, Nicholas P. West, Katherine Black, Michael Gleeson, David B. Pyne, Shawn D. Wells, Shawn M. Arent, Abbie E. Smith-Ryan, Richard B. Kreider…

    Citation: Journal of the International Society of Sports Nutrition 2019 16:62

    Content type: Review

    Published on:

  49. A recent commentary has been published on our meta-analysis, which investigated substrate oxidation during exercise matched for relative intensities in hypoxia compared with normoxia. Within this commentary, the ...

    Authors: Alex Griffiths, Oliver Shannon, Jamie Matu, Roderick King, Kevin Deighton and John P. O’Hara

    Citation: Journal of the International Society of Sports Nutrition 2019 16:61

    Content type: Commentary

    Published on:

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