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  1. Content type: Research article

    The ergogenic properties of acute caffeine (CAF) and sodium bicarbonate (NaHCO3) ingestion on athletic performance have been previously investigated. However, each sport has unique physiological and technical cha...

    Authors: Sajjad Rezaei, Kazem Akbari, Daniel E. Gahreman, Amir Sarshin, Montassar Tabben, Mojtaba Kaviani, Alireza Sadeghinikoo, Majid S. Koozehchian and Alireza Naderi

    Citation: Journal of the International Society of Sports Nutrition 2019 16:44

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  2. Content type: Research article

    The purpose of this study was to compare nutritional intakes against recommended values as well as between the perceived intake and needs of female lacrosse players.

    Authors: Andrew R. Jagim, Hannah Zabriskie, Brad Currier, Patrick S. Harty, Richard Stecker and Chad M. Kerksick

    Citation: Journal of the International Society of Sports Nutrition 2019 16:43

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  3. Content type: Research article

    The purpose of this study was to examine relationships among biomarkers of iron status, athletic performance, growth and development, and dietary intakes in pre-adolescent and adolescent male and female athletes.

    Authors: Marni E. Shoemaker, Zachary M. Gillen, Brianna D. Mckay, Nicholas A. Bohannon, Sydney M. Gibson, Karsten Koehler and Joel T. Cramer

    Citation: Journal of the International Society of Sports Nutrition 2019 16:42

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  4. Content type: Short report

    Previous studies have shown that sodium bicarbonate ingestion may enhance intense exercise performance, but may also cause severe gastrointestinal distress. The purpose of this study was to determine whether a...

    Authors: Adam Marcus, Amerigo Rossi, Andrew Cornwell, Steven A. Hawkins and Nazareth Khodiguian

    Citation: Journal of the International Society of Sports Nutrition 2019 16:41

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  5. Content type: Research article

    Stressors inherent to the military, such as combat exposure, separation from family, and strenuous training, collectively contribute to compromised psychological resilience and greatly impact military performa...

    Authors: Kelly A. Schaad, Asma S. Bukhari, Daniel I. Brooks, Justin D. Kocher and Nicholas D. Barringer

    Citation: Journal of the International Society of Sports Nutrition 2019 16:40

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  6. Content type: Research article

    Enzymatically modified isoquercitrin (EMIQ), a water-soluble quercetin, has been shown to intensify muscle hypertrophy in mice. We investigated the effect of EMIQ in supplementary protein powder on athlete bod...

    Authors: Naomi Omi, Hideki Shiba, Eisaku Nishimura, Sakuka Tsukamoto, Hiroko Maruki-Uchida, Masaya Oda and Minoru Morita

    Citation: Journal of the International Society of Sports Nutrition 2019 16:39

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  7. Content type: Research article

    Caffeine (CAF) supplementation could have a positive impact on physical performance and sport abilities. Nevertheless, the CAF-induced, dose-dependent influence on discipline-specific performance and combat ac...

    Authors: Krzysztof Durkalec-Michalski, Paulina M. Nowaczyk, Natalia Główka and Aleksandra Grygiel

    Citation: Journal of the International Society of Sports Nutrition 2019 16:38

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  8. Content type: Review

    The timing of macronutrient ingestion in relation to exercise is a purported strategy to augment muscle accretion, muscle and athletic performance, and recovery. To date, the majority of macronutrient nutrient...

    Authors: Richard A. Stecker, Patrick S. Harty, Andrew R. Jagim, Darren G. Candow and Chad M. Kerksick

    Citation: Journal of the International Society of Sports Nutrition 2019 16:37

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  9. Content type: Research article

    Variations in the fat mass and obesity-associated gene (FTO) are associated with obesity; however, it is unclear if changes in energy intake affect the adaptive response to caloric restriction in those with ri...

    Authors: Jose Antonio, Sarah Knafo, Madaline Kenyon, Alina Ali, Cassandra Carson, Anya Ellerbroek, Cailey Weaver, Justin Roberts, Corey A. Peacock and Jaime L. Tartar

    Citation: Journal of the International Society of Sports Nutrition 2019 16:36

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  10. Content type: Research article

    To prepare for competition, bodybuilders employ strategies based around: energy restriction, resistance training, cardiovascular exercise, isometric “posing”, and supplementation. Cohorts of professional (PRO)...

    Authors: A. J. Chappell, T. Simper and E. Helms

    Citation: Journal of the International Society of Sports Nutrition 2019 16:35

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  11. Content type: Research article

    We previously reported that consuming a food bar (FB) containing whey protein and the plant fiber isomalto-oligosaccharides [IMO] had a lower glycemic (GI) but similar insulinemic response as a high GI carbohy...

    Authors: Tyler J. Grubic, Ryan J. Sowinski, Ben E. Nevares, Victoria M. Jenkins, Susannah L. Williamson, Aimee G. Reyes, Christopher Rasmussen, Mike Greenwood, Peter S. Murano, Conrad P. Earnest and Richard B. Kreider

    Citation: Journal of the International Society of Sports Nutrition 2019 16:34

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  12. Content type: Research article

    Affective responses experienced during exercise are a significant determinant on exercise adherence. We have previously demonstrated that consumption of New Zealand (NZ) blackcurrants preserves cognition by at...

    Authors: Dominic Lomiwes, Birgit Ha, Nayer Ngametua, Natalie S. Burr, Janine M. Cooney, Tania M. Trower, Greg Sawyer, Duncan Hedderley, Roger D. Hurst and Suzanne M. Hurst

    Citation: Journal of the International Society of Sports Nutrition 2019 16:33

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  13. Content type: Research article

    The efficacy of sodium citrate supplementation (SC) in exercise performance is unclear. Therefore, the aim of this study was to investigate the effect of SC on skilled tennis performance.

    Authors: Vivian C. R. Cunha, Marcelo S. Aoki, Michael C. Zourdos, Rodrigo V. Gomes, Wesley P. Barbosa, Marcelo Massa, Alexandre Moreira and Caroline D. Capitani

    Citation: Journal of the International Society of Sports Nutrition 2019 16:32

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  14. Content type: Research article

    Cashew apple juice (CAJ) was shown to improve immunological mechanisms by regulating a balance between reactive oxygen species and antioxidant concentrations. However, no study exploring the effects of the CAJ...

    Authors: Piyapong Prasertsri, Thapanee Roengrit, Yupaporn Kanpetta, Terdthai Tong-un, Supaporn Muchimapura, Jintanaporn Wattanathorn and Naruemon Leelayuwat

    Citation: Journal of the International Society of Sports Nutrition 2019 16:31

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  15. Content type: Research article

    Dietary supplementation is a common strategy to achieve a specific health status or performance benefit. Several investigations have focused on the prevalence of dietary supplement use by athletes. However, in...

    Authors: Gabriel Baltazar-Martins, Diego Brito de Souza, Millán Aguilar-Navarro, Jesús Muñoz-Guerra, María del Mar Plata and Juan Del Coso

    Citation: Journal of the International Society of Sports Nutrition 2019 16:30

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  16. Content type: Commentary

    A recently published meta-analysis in this journal analyzed findings from studies comparing substrate use during exercise at the same relative intensity (i.e., % V̇O2max) in normoxic and hypoxic conditions. The p...

    Authors: Andrew J. Young, Lee M. Margolis and Stefan M. Pasiakos

    Citation: Journal of the International Society of Sports Nutrition 2019 16:28

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  17. Content type: Research article

    The aim of this international study was to investigate the prevalence of the use of sports supplements among young athletes, as well as their knowledge and attitudes towards sports supplementation.

    Authors: Pavle Jovanov, Višnja Đorđić, Borislav Obradović, Otto Barak, Lato Pezo, Aleksandar Marić and Marijana Sakač

    Citation: Journal of the International Society of Sports Nutrition 2019 16:27

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  18. Content type: Letter to the Editor

    New evidence and feedback from colleagues have led to modifications to the Nutrition for Sport Knowledge Questionnaire (NSKQ) and Abridged Nutrition for Sport Knowledge Questionnaire (ANSKQ). The changes predo...

    Authors: Gina Louise Trakman, Freddy Brown, Adrienne Forsyth and Regina Belski

    Citation: Journal of the International Society of Sports Nutrition 2019 16:26

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  19. Content type: Research article

    Issues related to knowledge of nutrition and dietary supplementation (DS) are understudied in professional athletes. This study aimed to examine the possible association between knowledge of nutrition and DS (...

    Authors: Damir Sekulic, Enver Tahiraj, Dora Maric, Dragana Olujic, Antonino Bianco and Petra Zaletel

    Citation: Journal of the International Society of Sports Nutrition 2019 16:25

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  20. Content type: Research article

    Creatine supplementation aids the Phosphagen system by increasing the amount of free creatine and phosphocreatine available to replenish adenosine triphosphate. The purpose of this study was to investigate the...

    Authors: Erik Hummer, David N. Suprak, Harsh H. Buddhadev, Lorrie Brilla and Jun G. San Juan

    Citation: Journal of the International Society of Sports Nutrition 2019 16:24

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  21. Content type: Research article

    In search of the right nutrition for the athlete, numerous nutritional strategies and diets were discussed over time. However, the influence of plant-based diets, especially veganism, on exercise capacity has ...

    Authors: Josefine Nebl, Sven Haufe, Julian Eigendorf, Paulina Wasserfurth, Uwe Tegtbur and Andreas Hahn

    Citation: Journal of the International Society of Sports Nutrition 2019 16:23

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  22. Content type: Review

    Dairy products are thought to improve recovery after both resistance and endurance exercises due to their nutritional proprieties. We systematically reviewed the effects of dairy product intake on exercise per...

    Authors: Juan M. A. Alcantara, Guillermo Sanchez-Delgado, Borja Martinez-Tellez, Idoia Labayen and Jonatan R. Ruiz

    Citation: Journal of the International Society of Sports Nutrition 2019 16:22

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  23. Content type: Research article

    Recently, gut microbiota have been studied extensively for health promotion, disease prevention, disease treatment, and exercise performance. It is recommended that athletes avoid dietary fiber and resistant s...

    Authors: Lae-Guen Jang, Geunhoon Choi, Sung-Woo Kim, Byung-Yong Kim, Sunghee Lee and Hyon Park

    Citation: Journal of the International Society of Sports Nutrition 2019 16:21

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  24. Content type: Research article

    Theacrine (1,3,7,9-tetramethyluric-acid) is a pure alkaloid with a similar structure to caffeine and acts comparably as an adenosine receptor antagonist. Early studies have shown non-habituating effects, inclu...

    Authors: Marissa L. Bello, Alan J. Walker, Bridget A. McFadden, David J. Sanders and Shawn M. Arent

    Citation: Journal of the International Society of Sports Nutrition 2019 16:20

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  25. Content type: Research article

    This study aimed to investigate the effect of supplementation of fish oil rich in eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) and docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) on the damage of the biceps brachii after eccentric contractions (EC...

    Authors: Yosuke Tsuchiya, Kenichi Yanagimoto, Hisashi Ueda and Eisuke Ochi

    Citation: Journal of the International Society of Sports Nutrition 2019 16:19

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  26. Content type: Research article

    Past studies have found that sodium bicarbonate ingestion prior to exercise has a performance-enhancing effect on high-intensity exercise. The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of continuous sod...

    Authors: Jieting Wang, Junqiang Qiu, Longyan Yi, Zhaoran Hou, Dan Benardot and Wei Cao

    Citation: Journal of the International Society of Sports Nutrition 2019 16:18

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  27. Content type: Research article

    Caffeine has been shown to enhance strength, power and endurance, characteristics that underpin performance in rugby. Caffeinated gum has attracted interest as a novel vehicle for delivering caffeine, because ...

    Authors: M. K. Ranchordas, H. Pratt, M. Parsons, A. Parry, C. Boyd and A. Lynn

    Citation: Journal of the International Society of Sports Nutrition 2019 16:17

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  28. Content type: Research article

    The ketogenic diet is becoming a popular nutritional model among athletes. However, the relationship between its use and metabolism during exercise seems to have not been fully investigated.

    Authors: Krzysztof Durkalec-Michalski, Paulina M. Nowaczyk and Katarzyna Siedzik

    Citation: Journal of the International Society of Sports Nutrition 2019 16:16

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  29. Content type: Research article

    Exercise and heat trigger dehydration and an increase in extracellular fluid osmolality, leading to deficits in exercise performance and thermoregulation. Evidence from previous studies supports the potential ...

    Authors: Preston R. Harris, Douglas A. Keen, Eleni Constantopoulos, Savanna N. Weninger, Eric Hines, Matthew P. Koppinger, Zain I. Khalpey and John P. Konhilas

    Citation: Journal of the International Society of Sports Nutrition 2019 16:15

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  30. Content type: Research article

    Extreme exercise may alter the innate immune system. Glycans are involved in several biological processes including immune system regulation. However, limited data regarding the impact of glycan supplementatio...

    Authors: Emma Roca, Elisabet Cantó, Lexa Nescolarde, Lidia Perea, Antoni Bayes-Genis, Oriol Sibila and Silvia Vidal

    Citation: Journal of the International Society of Sports Nutrition 2019 16:14

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  31. Content type: Research article

    Potential health benefits are attributed to the antioxidant properties of green tea polyphenolic compounds. The main aim of the study was to evaluate the effects of a six-week green tea extract (GTE) supplemen...

    Authors: Ewa Sadowska-Krępa, Przemysław Domaszewski, Ilona Pokora, Aleksandra Żebrowska, Agnieszka Gdańska and Tomasz Podgórski

    Citation: Journal of the International Society of Sports Nutrition 2019 16:13

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  32. Content type: Research article

    The consumption of olive oil is associated with a diminished risk of cardiovascular disorders and mortality, but the impact of olive oil supplementation on endurance performance is still unclear. Since the ben...

    Authors: Laura Esquius, Sergi Garcia-Retortillo, Natàlia Balagué, Robert Hristovski and Casimiro Javierre

    Citation: Journal of the International Society of Sports Nutrition 2019 16:12

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  33. Content type: Research article

    Exercise induced gastrointestinal (GI) symptoms can plague athletes, especially runners. Sport nutrition recommendations are nutrient rather than foods focused and do not adequately address strategies to reduc...

    Authors: Jill A. Parnell, Hailey Lafave, Kim Wagner–Jones, Robyn F. Madden and Kelly Anne Erdman

    Citation: Journal of the International Society of Sports Nutrition 2019 16:11

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  34. Content type: Review

    A better understanding of hypoxia-induced changes in substrate utilisation can facilitate the development of nutritional strategies for mountaineers, military personnel and athletes during exposure to altitude...

    Authors: Alex Griffiths, Oliver M. Shannon, Jamie Matu, Roderick King, Kevin Deighton and John P. O’Hara

    Citation: Journal of the International Society of Sports Nutrition 2019 16:10

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  35. Content type: Research article

    The aim of the present study was to analyse the effects of placebo on bench throw performance in Paralympic weightlifting athletes.

    Authors: Gustavo De Conti Teixeira Costa, Luan Galvão, Martim Bottaro, João Felipe Mota, Gustavo Duarte Pimentel and Paulo Gentil

    Citation: Journal of the International Society of Sports Nutrition 2019 16:9

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  36. Content type: Research article

    The ability to generate high levels of power is one of the key factors determining success in many sport disciplines. Although there are studies confirming ergogenic effects of caffeine (CAF) on different phys...

    Authors: Michal Wilk, Michal Krzysztofik, Adam Maszczyk, Jakub Chycki and Adam Zajac

    Citation: Journal of the International Society of Sports Nutrition 2019 16:8

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  37. Content type: Research article

    The aim of this study was to analyze the response of selected components of the immune system in rowers to maximal physical exercise, and to verify if this response could be modulated by supplementation with L...

    Authors: A. Juszkiewicz, A. Glapa, P. Basta, E. Petriczko, K. Żołnowski, B. Machaliński, J. Trzeciak, K. Łuczkowska and A. Skarpańska-Stejnborn

    Citation: Journal of the International Society of Sports Nutrition 2019 16:7

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  38. Content type: Research article

    The purpose of this study is to translate laboratory-based research on beverage-based supplements to a naturalistic, field setting in adolescent athletes. To this end, we tested the effects of two commercially...

    Authors: Katelyn A. Born, Erin E. Dooley, P. Andy Cheshire, Lauren E. McGill, Jonathon M. Cosgrove, John L. Ivy and John B. Bartholomew

    Citation: Journal of the International Society of Sports Nutrition 2019 16:6

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  39. Content type: Research article

    Dehydration impairs physiological function and physical performance, thus understanding effective rehydration strategies is paramount. Despite growing interest in natural rehydrating beverages, no study has ex...

    Authors: Alexs Matias, Monique Dudar, Josip Kauzlaric, Kimberly A. Frederick, Shannon Fitzpatrick and Stephen J. Ives

    Citation: Journal of the International Society of Sports Nutrition 2019 16:5

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  40. Content type: Research article

    The purpose of this study was to examine resting the metabolic response to the ingestion of a complex containing Citrus Aurantium + Caffeine (CA + C) and if its consumption influences metabolic recovery follow...

    Authors: Brian Kliszczewicz, Emily Bechke, Cassie Williamson, Zackery Green, Paul Bailey, John McLester and Cherilyn McLester

    Citation: Journal of the International Society of Sports Nutrition 2019 16:4

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  41. Content type: Research article

    Shilajit is a safe, fluvic mineral complex exudate that is common to Ayurvedic medicine and is composed of fulvic acids, dibenzo-α-pyrones, proteins, and minerals. The purpose of this study was to examine the ...

    Authors: Joshua L. Keller, Terry J. Housh, Ethan C. Hill, Cory M. Smith, Richard J. Schmidt and Glen O. Johnson

    Citation: Journal of the International Society of Sports Nutrition 2019 16:3

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  42. Content type: Research article

    Ascorbic acid is a water-soluble chain breaking antioxidant. It scavenges free radicals and reactive oxygen species (ROS), which are produced during metabolic pathways. Exercise can produce an imbalance between R...

    Authors: Manita Yimcharoen, Suwatsin Kittikunnathum, Chawannut Suknikorn, Wichuda Nak-on, Petcharee Yeethong, Tracy G. Anthony and Piyawan Bunpo

    Citation: Journal of the International Society of Sports Nutrition 2019 16:2

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  43. Content type: Research article

    Research has demonstrated that low fermentable oligosaccharide, disaccharide, monosaccharide and polyol (FODMAP) diets improve gastrointestinal (GI) symptoms in irritable bowel syndrome sufferers. Exercise-rel...

    Authors: Melanie Wiffin, Lee Smith, Jose Antonio, James Johnstone, Liam Beasley and Justin Roberts

    Citation: Journal of the International Society of Sports Nutrition 2019 16:1

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  44. Content type: Review

    Caffeine used as a supplement has been shown to improve physical and cognitive performance in several sport modalities due to its effects on the central nervous system. This review assesses the direct effects ...

    Authors: Luis M. López-González, Antonio J. Sánchez-Oliver, Fernando Mata, Pablo Jodra, Jose Antonio and Raúl Domínguez

    Citation: Journal of the International Society of Sports Nutrition 2018 15:60

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  45. Content type: Research article

    β-alanine (βA) supplementation has been shown to increase intramuscular carnosine content and subsequent high-intensity performance in events lasting < 4 minutes (min), which may be dependent on total, as oppo...

    Authors: Liam Beasley, Lee Smith, Jose Antonio, Dan Gordon, James Johnstone and Justin Roberts

    Citation: Journal of the International Society of Sports Nutrition 2018 15:59

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  46. Content type: Research article

    Proprietary spearmint extract (PSE) containing a minimum 14.5% rosmarinic acid and 24% total phenolic content, has evinced positive effects on cognition in individuals aged 50–70 with memory impairment after c...

    Authors: Paul H. Falcone, Aaron C. Tribby, Roxanne M. Vogel, Jordan M. Joy, Jordan R. Moon, Chantelle A. Slayton, Micah M. Henigman, Joanne A. Lasrado, Brandon J. Lewis, Brenda A. Fonseca, Kristin M. Nieman and Kelli A. Herrlinger

    Citation: Journal of the International Society of Sports Nutrition 2018 15:58

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  47. Content type: Research article

    One of the topics discussed in sports science is the use of medium-chain saturated fat as an energy-saving nutrient additive when approaching high-intensity exercise. The purpose of this study was to compare t...

    Authors: A. Yu. Lyudinina, G. E. Ivankova and E. R. Bojko

    Citation: Journal of the International Society of Sports Nutrition 2018 15:57

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  48. Content type: Research article

    Augmenting fat oxidation is a primary goal of fitness enthusiasts and individuals desiring to improve their body composition. Performing aerobic exercise while fasted continues to be a popular strategy to achi...

    Authors: Bradley T. Gieske, Richard A. Stecker, Charles R. Smith, Kyle E. Witherbee, Patrick S. Harty, Robert Wildman and Chad M. Kerksick

    Citation: Journal of the International Society of Sports Nutrition 2018 15:56

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  49. Content type: Research article

    Adequate dietary intake is important for promoting adaptation and prevention of musculoskeletal injury in response to large volumes of physical training such as Army Initial Entry Training (IET). The purpose o...

    Authors: Jeremy McAdam, Kaitlin McGinnis, Rian Ory, Kaelin Young, Andrew D. Frugé, Michael Roberts and JoEllen Sefton

    Citation: Journal of the International Society of Sports Nutrition 2018 15:55

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