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  1. Hydration status affects endurance performance. Pre-exercise hydration recommendations target the consumption of high carbohydrate and sodium beverages. Milk, due to its carbohydrate and sodium content, may be...

    Authors: Danniela García-Berger, Karen Mackay, Matias Monsalves-Alvarez, Carlos Jorquera, Rodrigo Ramirez-Campillo, Hermann Zbinden-Foncea and Mauricio Castro-Sepulveda

    Citation: Journal of the International Society of Sports Nutrition 2020 17:17

    Content type: Short report

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  2. The leucine metabolite β-hydroxy-β-methylbutyrate (HMB) is widely used as an ergogenic supplement to increase resistance-training induced gains in fat free mass (FFM) and strength in healthy adults. Recent stu...

    Authors: Alexander C. Stahn, Martina Anna Maggioni, Hanns-Christian Gunga and Elmarie Terblanche

    Citation: Journal of the International Society of Sports Nutrition 2020 17:16

    Content type: Research article

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  3. Maximal strength-speed exercise is a powerful stimulus to acutely increase concentrations of circulating steroid hormones and homocysteine [Hcy]. There is some evidence that antioxidant beverages rich in polyp...

    Authors: Achraf Ammar, MounaTurki, Khaled Trabelsi, Nicola Luigi Bragazzi, Omar Boukhris, Mohamed Bouaziz, Fatma Ayadi, Kais El Abed, Tarak Driss, Nizar Souissi, Hamdi Chtourou, Stephen J. Bailey and Anita Hoekelmann

    Citation: Journal of the International Society of Sports Nutrition 2020 17:15

    Content type: Research article

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  4. Low energy availability (LEA) is a medical condition observed in athletes, with a higher prevalence in aesthetic sports. For the first time, this study evaluated the relative prevalence of LEA in female elite ...

    Authors: Kun Meng, Junqiang Qiu, Dan Benardot, Amelia Carr, Longyan Yi, Jieting Wang and Yiheng Liang

    Citation: Journal of the International Society of Sports Nutrition 2020 17:13

    Content type: Research article

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  5. Athletes are increasingly exploring ways to enhance their physical performance. Increasing blood flow to the working tissues through endothelium-dependent vasodilation is one factor athletes use to realize the...

    Authors: Jeffrey M. Rogers, Joshua Gills and Michelle Gray

    Citation: Journal of the International Society of Sports Nutrition 2020 17:12

    Content type: Research article

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  6. Although there seems to be an increasing interest in the use of dietary supplements in those who exercise recreationally and want to improve body composition, there is little published data regarding gym users...

    Authors: João Ruano and Vitor Hugo Teixeira

    Citation: Journal of the International Society of Sports Nutrition 2020 17:11

    Content type: Research article

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  7. Thermogenic fitness drink formulas (TFD) have been shown to increase energy expenditure and markers of lipid metabolism. The purpose of the current study was to compare TFD formulas containing different caffei...

    Authors: Nicolas W. Clark, Adam J. Wells, Nicholas A. Coker, Erica R. Goldstein, Chad H. Herring, Tristan M. Starling-Smith, Alyssa N. Varanoske, Valeria L. G. Panissa, Jeffrey R. Stout and David H. Fukuda

    Citation: Journal of the International Society of Sports Nutrition 2020 17:10

    Content type: Research article

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  8. We have determined the acute response of protein kinetics to one or two servings (6.3 g and 12.6 g) of a proprietary composition containing free-form essential amino acids (EAA) (3.2 g EAA per serving) and whe...

    Authors: Sanghee Park, David D. Church, Gohar Azhar, Scott E. Schutzler, Arny A. Ferrando and Robert R. Wolfe

    Citation: Journal of the International Society of Sports Nutrition 2020 17:9

    Content type: Research article

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  9. The present study aimed to determine changes occurring in the erythrocyte concentrations of Iron (Fe), Magnesium (Mg) and Phosphorous (P) of subjects with different levels of physical training living in the sa...

    Authors: Marcos Maynar Mariño, Francisco Javier Grijota, Ignacio Bartolomé, Jesús Siquier-Coll, Victor Toro Román and Diego Muñoz

    Citation: Journal of the International Society of Sports Nutrition 2020 17:8

    Content type: Research article

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  10. Deliberately training with reduced carbohydrate availability, a paradigm coined training low, has shown to promote adaptations associated with improved aerobic capacity. In this context researchers have proposed ...

    Authors: Mads S. Larsen, Lars Holm, Mads V. Svart, Astrid J. Hjelholt, Mads B. Bengtsen, Ole L. Dollerup, Line B. Dalgaard, Mikkel H. Vendelbo, Gerrit van Hall, Niels Møller, Ulla R. Mikkelsen and Mette Hansen

    Citation: Journal of the International Society of Sports Nutrition 2020 17:7

    Content type: Research article

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  11. Sports nutritional supplements containing branched-chain amino acids (BCAA) have been widely reported to improve psychological and biological aspects connected to central fatigue and performance in endurance e...

    Authors: Marco Gervasi, Davide Sisti, Stefano Amatori, Sabrina Donati Zeppa, Giosuè Annibalini, Giovanni Piccoli, Luciana Vallorani, Piero Benelli, Marco B. L. Rocchi, Elena Barbieri, Anna R. Calavalle, Deborah Agostini, Carmela Fimognari, Vilberto Stocchi and Piero Sestili

    Citation: Journal of the International Society of Sports Nutrition 2020 17:6

    Content type: Research article

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  12. Glycemia is related to energy production during exercise. Coenzyme Q10 is an antioxidant that participates in adenosine triphosphate synthesis in mitochondria. The aim of this study was to investigate the leve...

    Authors: Chien-Chang Ho, Ching-Yu Tseng, Hung-Wun Chen, Yi-Wen Chiu, Ming-Chih Tsai, Po-Sheng Chang and Ping-Ting Lin

    Citation: Journal of the International Society of Sports Nutrition 2020 17:5

    Content type: Research article

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  13. The ergogenic effects of supplemental carbohydrate on aerobic exercise performance at high altitude (HA) may be modulated by acclimatization status. Longitudinal evaluation of potential performance benefits of...

    Authors: Karleigh E. Bradbury, Claire E. Berryman, Marques A. Wilson, Adam J. Luippold, Robert W. Kenefick, Andrew J. Young and Stefan M. Pasiakos

    Citation: Journal of the International Society of Sports Nutrition 2020 17:4

    Content type: Short report

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  14. Rating of Perceived Exertion (RPE) is a subjective scale to monitor overload and fatigue during exercise. Hypoxia may worsen the perception of fatigue, compromising the self-reported perception of effort and i...

    Authors: E. Tavares-Silva, F. F. Donatto, R. M. V. Medeiros, S. A. Santos, A. V. Caris and R. V. Thomatieli-Santos

    Citation: Journal of the International Society of Sports Nutrition 2020 17:3

    Content type: Research article

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  15. Caffeine supplementation (CAFF) has an established ergogenic effect on physical performance and the psychological response to exercise. However, few studies have compared the response to CAFF intake among athl...

    Authors: P. Jodra, A. Lago-Rodríguez, A. J. Sánchez-Oliver, A. López-Samanes, A. Pérez-López, P. Veiga-Herreros, A. F. San Juan and R. Domínguez

    Citation: Journal of the International Society of Sports Nutrition 2020 17:2

    Content type: Case report

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  16. The original article [1] contains errors in Tables 1 and 3: Table 1 erroneously mentions use of a treadmill which should instead state ‘bicycle’, and Table 3 has a minor typesetting mistake.

    Authors: Ingunn Mjøs, Einar Thorsen, Trygve Hausken, Einar Lied, Roy M. Nilsen, Ingeborg Brønstad, Elisabeth Edvardsen and Bente Frisk

    Citation: Journal of the International Society of Sports Nutrition 2020 17:1

    Content type: Correction

    Published on:

    The original article was published in Journal of the International Society of Sports Nutrition 2019 16:48

  17. Position statement: The International Society of Sports Nutrition (ISSN) provides an objective and critical review of the mechanisms and use of probiotic supplementation to optimize the health, performance, and r...

    Authors: Ralf Jäger, Alex E. Mohr, Katie C. Carpenter, Chad M. Kerksick, Martin Purpura, Adel Moussa, Jeremy R. Townsend, Manfred Lamprecht, Nicholas P. West, Katherine Black, Michael Gleeson, David B. Pyne, Shawn D. Wells, Shawn M. Arent, Abbie E. Smith-Ryan, Richard B. Kreider…

    Citation: Journal of the International Society of Sports Nutrition 2019 16:62

    Content type: Review

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  18. A recent commentary has been published on our meta-analysis, which investigated substrate oxidation during exercise matched for relative intensities in hypoxia compared with normoxia. Within this commentary, the ...

    Authors: Alex Griffiths, Oliver Shannon, Jamie Matu, Roderick King, Kevin Deighton and John P. O’Hara

    Citation: Journal of the International Society of Sports Nutrition 2019 16:61

    Content type: Commentary

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  19. Ursolic acid altered muscle protein metabolism in normal and resting conditions after acute resistance exercise, suggesting that eating fruits rich in ursolic acid could enhance muscle protein synthesis and de...

    Authors: Yuhei Makanae, Satoru Ato, Kohei Kido and Satoshi Fujita

    Citation: Journal of the International Society of Sports Nutrition 2019 16:60

    Content type: Research article

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  20. British Army Phase One training exposes men and women to challenging distances of 13.5 km·d− 1 vs. 11.8 km·d− 1 and energy expenditures of ~ 4000 kcal·d− 1 and ~ 3000 kcal·d− 1, respectively. As such, it is essen...

    Authors: Shaun Chapman, Justin Roberts, Lee Smith, Alex Rawcliffe and Rachel Izard

    Citation: Journal of the International Society of Sports Nutrition 2019 16:59

    Content type: Research article

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  21. Raw bioelectrical values can be used to assess physiological outcomes, though limited information is available concerning the relationships between changes in these values and changes in other variables of int...

    Authors: Grant M. Tinsley, Patrick S. Harty, M. Lane Moore, Jozo Grgic, Analiza M. Silva and Luis B. Sardinha

    Citation: Journal of the International Society of Sports Nutrition 2019 16:58

    Content type: Research article

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  22. Coaches are considered as an important source of nutrition information by their athletes. However, their knowledge in this area is often insufficient for proper guidance and may lead to the dissemination of mi...

    Authors: Raphaëlle Jacob, Steven Couture, Benoît Lamarche, Véronique Provencher, Éliane Morissette, Pierre Valois, Claude Goulet and Vicky Drapeau

    Citation: Journal of the International Society of Sports Nutrition 2019 16:57

    Content type: Research article

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  23. A limited amount of research has demonstrated beneficial effects of caffeine and theanine supplementation for enhancement of mental performance. The purpose of this investigation was to determine whether the a...

    Authors: Javier Zaragoza, Grant Tinsley, Stacie Urbina, Katelyn Villa, Emily Santos, Angelie Juaneza, Matthias Tinnin, Cory Davidson, Susan Mitmesser, Zhiying Zhang and Lem Taylor

    Citation: Journal of the International Society of Sports Nutrition 2019 16:56

    Content type: Research article

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  24. The purpose of this systematic review and meta-analysis is to investigate the effects of vitamin D3 supplementation on skeletal muscle strength in athletes. Vitamin D3 supplements or vitamin D3 fortified foods...

    Authors: Qi Han, Xueyang Li, Qiushi Tan, Jing Shao and Muqing Yi

    Citation: Journal of the International Society of Sports Nutrition 2019 16:55

    Content type: Review

    Published on:

  25. The aim of the current study was to determine if 4 weeks of consumption of Bang® Pre-Workout Master Blaster® (BMB; Vital Pharmaceuticals Inc., Weston, FL) combined with resistance training resulted in greater ...

    Authors: Neil A. Schwarz, Sarah K. McKinley-Barnard and Zachary J. Blahnik

    Citation: Journal of the International Society of Sports Nutrition 2019 16:54

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  26. The aim of this survey was to determine the effects of an aerobic physical training program of six months duration on the serum and urinary concentrations of essential trace elements among middle distance runn...

    Authors: M. Maynar, I. Bartolomé, J. Alves, G. Barrientos, F. J. Grijota, M. C. Robles and D. Muñoz

    Citation: Journal of the International Society of Sports Nutrition 2019 16:53

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  27. Similar to other combat sports, mixed martial arts (MMA) includes divisional weight classes. The purpose of our research was to further investigate the amount of weight professional MMA fighters lost prior to ...

    Authors: Sungjun Park, Michelle Alencar, John Sassone, Leilani Madrigal and Alison Ede

    Citation: Journal of the International Society of Sports Nutrition 2019 16:52

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  28. Altitude training is a common practice among middle-distance and marathon runners. During acclimatization, sympathetic drive may increase resting metabolic rate (RMR), therefore implementation of targeted nutr...

    Authors: Santiago Sanz-Quinto, Manuel Moya-Ramón, Gabriel Brizuela, Ian Rice, Tomás Urbán and Raúl López-Grueso

    Citation: Journal of the International Society of Sports Nutrition 2019 16:51

    Content type: Case report

    Published on:

  29. Background

    Authors: Nicholas B. Tiller, Justin D. Roberts, Liam Beasley, Shaun Chapman, Jorge M. Pinto, Lee Smith, Melanie Wiffin, Mark Russell, S. Andy Sparks, Lauren Duckworth, John O’Hara, Louise Sutton, Jose Antonio, Darryn S. Willoughby, Michael D. Tarpey, Abbie E. Smith-Ryan…

    Citation: Journal of the International Society of Sports Nutrition 2019 16:50

    Content type: Review

    Published on:

  30. Phase angle (PhA) is a raw BIA variable that has been gaining attention in recent years because it is supposed to be an index of the ratio between extracellular and intracellular water, body cell mass, and cel...

    Authors: Olivia Di Vincenzo, Maurizio Marra and Luca Scalfi

    Citation: Journal of the International Society of Sports Nutrition 2019 16:49

    Content type: Review

    Published on:

  31. Knowledge of the effect of marine protein hydrolysate (MPH) supplementation to promote recovery after high intensity performance training is scarce. The aim of this study was to examine the effect of MPH suppl...

    Authors: Ingunn Mjøs, Einar Thorsen, Trygve Hausken, Einar Lied, Roy M. Nilsen, Ingeborg Brønstad, Elisabeth Edvardsen and Bente Frisk

    Citation: Journal of the International Society of Sports Nutrition 2019 16:48

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

    The Correction to this article has been published in Journal of the International Society of Sports Nutrition 2020 17:1

  32. TeaCrine® is the synthetic version to naturally occurring theacrine (1, 3, 7, 9-tetramethyluric acid) found in the leaves of Camellia kucha tea plants. A few studies have examined the effects of TeaCrine® on cogn...

    Authors: Kyle R. Cesareo, Justin R. Mason, Patrick G. Saracino, Margaret C. Morrissey and Michael J. Ormsbee

    Citation: Journal of the International Society of Sports Nutrition 2019 16:47

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  33. Whilst the ergogenic effects of carbohydrate intake during prolonged exercise are well-documented, few investigations have studied the effects of carbohydrate ingestion during cross-country skiing, a mode of e...

    Authors: Stefan Pettersson, Fredrik Edin, Linda Bakkman and Kerry McGawley

    Citation: Journal of the International Society of Sports Nutrition 2019 16:46

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  34. The original article [1] contained a typesetting error in Table 3 which was mistakenly introduced by the production team handling this article; this error has now been corrected.

    Authors: Naomi Omi, Hideki Shiba, Eisaku Nishimura, Sakuka Tsukamoto, Hiroko Maruki-Uchida, Masaya Oda and Minoru Morita

    Citation: Journal of the International Society of Sports Nutrition 2019 16:45

    Content type: Correction

    Published on:

    The original article was published in Journal of the International Society of Sports Nutrition 2019 16:39

  35. The ergogenic properties of acute caffeine (CAF) and sodium bicarbonate (NaHCO3) ingestion on athletic performance have been previously investigated. However, each sport has unique physiological and technical cha...

    Authors: Sajjad Rezaei, Kazem Akbari, Daniel E. Gahreman, Amir Sarshin, Montassar Tabben, Mojtaba Kaviani, Alireza Sadeghinikoo, Majid S. Koozehchian and Alireza Naderi

    Citation: Journal of the International Society of Sports Nutrition 2019 16:44

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  36. The purpose of this study was to compare nutritional intakes against recommended values as well as between the perceived intake and needs of female lacrosse players.

    Authors: Andrew R. Jagim, Hannah Zabriskie, Brad Currier, Patrick S. Harty, Richard Stecker and Chad M. Kerksick

    Citation: Journal of the International Society of Sports Nutrition 2019 16:43

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  37. The purpose of this study was to examine relationships among biomarkers of iron status, athletic performance, growth and development, and dietary intakes in pre-adolescent and adolescent male and female athletes.

    Authors: Marni E. Shoemaker, Zachary M. Gillen, Brianna D. Mckay, Nicholas A. Bohannon, Sydney M. Gibson, Karsten Koehler and Joel T. Cramer

    Citation: Journal of the International Society of Sports Nutrition 2019 16:42

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  38. Previous studies have shown that sodium bicarbonate ingestion may enhance intense exercise performance, but may also cause severe gastrointestinal distress. The purpose of this study was to determine whether a...

    Authors: Adam Marcus, Amerigo Rossi, Andrew Cornwell, Steven A. Hawkins and Nazareth Khodiguian

    Citation: Journal of the International Society of Sports Nutrition 2019 16:41

    Content type: Short report

    Published on:

  39. Stressors inherent to the military, such as combat exposure, separation from family, and strenuous training, collectively contribute to compromised psychological resilience and greatly impact military performa...

    Authors: Kelly A. Schaad, Asma S. Bukhari, Daniel I. Brooks, Justin D. Kocher and Nicholas D. Barringer

    Citation: Journal of the International Society of Sports Nutrition 2019 16:40

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  40. Enzymatically modified isoquercitrin (EMIQ), a water-soluble quercetin, has been shown to intensify muscle hypertrophy in mice. We investigated the effect of EMIQ in supplementary protein powder on athlete bod...

    Authors: Naomi Omi, Hideki Shiba, Eisaku Nishimura, Sakuka Tsukamoto, Hiroko Maruki-Uchida, Masaya Oda and Minoru Morita

    Citation: Journal of the International Society of Sports Nutrition 2019 16:39

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

    The Correction to this article has been published in Journal of the International Society of Sports Nutrition 2019 16:45

  41. Caffeine (CAF) supplementation could have a positive impact on physical performance and sport abilities. Nevertheless, the CAF-induced, dose-dependent influence on discipline-specific performance and combat ac...

    Authors: Krzysztof Durkalec-Michalski, Paulina M. Nowaczyk, Natalia Główka and Aleksandra Grygiel

    Citation: Journal of the International Society of Sports Nutrition 2019 16:38

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  42. The timing of macronutrient ingestion in relation to exercise is a purported strategy to augment muscle accretion, muscle and athletic performance, and recovery. To date, the majority of macronutrient nutrient...

    Authors: Richard A. Stecker, Patrick S. Harty, Andrew R. Jagim, Darren G. Candow and Chad M. Kerksick

    Citation: Journal of the International Society of Sports Nutrition 2019 16:37

    Content type: Review

    Published on:

  43. Variations in the fat mass and obesity-associated gene (FTO) are associated with obesity; however, it is unclear if changes in energy intake affect the adaptive response to caloric restriction in those with ri...

    Authors: Jose Antonio, Sarah Knafo, Madaline Kenyon, Alina Ali, Cassandra Carson, Anya Ellerbroek, Cailey Weaver, Justin Roberts, Corey A. Peacock and Jaime L. Tartar

    Citation: Journal of the International Society of Sports Nutrition 2019 16:36

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  44. To prepare for competition, bodybuilders employ strategies based around: energy restriction, resistance training, cardiovascular exercise, isometric “posing”, and supplementation. Cohorts of professional (PRO)...

    Authors: A. J. Chappell, T. Simper and E. Helms

    Citation: Journal of the International Society of Sports Nutrition 2019 16:35

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  45. We previously reported that consuming a food bar (FB) containing whey protein and the plant fiber isomalto-oligosaccharides [IMO] had a lower glycemic (GI) but similar insulinemic response as a high GI carbohy...

    Authors: Tyler J. Grubic, Ryan J. Sowinski, Ben E. Nevares, Victoria M. Jenkins, Susannah L. Williamson, Aimee G. Reyes, Christopher Rasmussen, Mike Greenwood, Peter S. Murano, Conrad P. Earnest and Richard B. Kreider

    Citation: Journal of the International Society of Sports Nutrition 2019 16:34

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  46. Affective responses experienced during exercise are a significant determinant on exercise adherence. We have previously demonstrated that consumption of New Zealand (NZ) blackcurrants preserves cognition by at...

    Authors: Dominic Lomiwes, Birgit Ha, Nayer Ngametua, Natalie S. Burr, Janine M. Cooney, Tania M. Trower, Greg Sawyer, Duncan Hedderley, Roger D. Hurst and Suzanne M. Hurst

    Citation: Journal of the International Society of Sports Nutrition 2019 16:33

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  47. The efficacy of sodium citrate supplementation (SC) in exercise performance is unclear. Therefore, the aim of this study was to investigate the effect of SC on skilled tennis performance.

    Authors: Vivian C. R. Cunha, Marcelo S. Aoki, Michael C. Zourdos, Rodrigo V. Gomes, Wesley P. Barbosa, Marcelo Massa, Alexandre Moreira and Caroline D. Capitani

    Citation: Journal of the International Society of Sports Nutrition 2019 16:32

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  48. Cashew apple juice (CAJ) was shown to improve immunological mechanisms by regulating a balance between reactive oxygen species and antioxidant concentrations. However, no study exploring the effects of the CAJ...

    Authors: Piyapong Prasertsri, Thapanee Roengrit, Yupaporn Kanpetta, Terdthai Tong-un, Supaporn Muchimapura, Jintanaporn Wattanathorn and Naruemon Leelayuwat

    Citation: Journal of the International Society of Sports Nutrition 2019 16:31

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  49. Dietary supplementation is a common strategy to achieve a specific health status or performance benefit. Several investigations have focused on the prevalence of dietary supplement use by athletes. However, in...

    Authors: Gabriel Baltazar-Martins, Diego Brito de Souza, Millán Aguilar-Navarro, Jesús Muñoz-Guerra, María del Mar Plata and Juan Del Coso

    Citation: Journal of the International Society of Sports Nutrition 2019 16:30

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

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