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Table 3 Daily intake of dietary energy and nutrients at baseline and during ketogenic diet (KD) and Western Diet (WD)

From: Effects of 30 days of ketogenic diet on body composition, muscle strength, muscle area, metabolism, and performance in semi-professional soccer players

  KD PRE KD POST % changes WD PRE WD POST % changes 2 Way ANOVA Time*Diet Main Time effect Main diet effect
Total (Kcal/day) 2356 ± 450 1984 ± 430 −15.78 2146 ± 230 1752 ± 320 −18.35 n.s. < 0.001 n.s.
CHO (g/day) 350 ± 66 22 ± 5 − 93.71 363 ± 34 220 ± 56 −39.39 < 0.0001 < 0.0001 < 0.0001
PRO (g/day) 105 ± 20 130 ± 25 + 23.81 121 ± 23 129 ± 28 +.6.61 n.s n.s. n.s.
FAT (g/day) 107 ± 20 132 ± 27 + 23.36 110 ± 16 38 ± 10 −65.45 n.s. < 0.001 n.s.
CHO (%) 49 ± 6 9 ± 3 −81.63 51 ± 4 51 ± 4 0 < 0.0001 < 0.0001 < 0.0001
PRO (%) 15 ± 3 28 ± 4 + 86.66 14 ± 6 28 ± 3 + 100 n.s. < 0.0001 n.s.
FAT (%) 35 ± 4 64 ± 3 + 82.85 33 ± 2 20 ± 8 −39.39 < 0.0001 < 0.0001 < 0.0001
PRO (g/kg bw/day) 1.37 ± 0.5 1.85 ± 0.3 + 35.03 1.59 ± 0.4 1.83 ± 0.2 + 15.09 n.s. =0.0098 n.s.
Saturated fat (g) 35 ± 10 45 ± 12 + 28.57 36 ± 4 15 ± 3 − 58.33 < 0.0001 n.s. < 0.0001
Monounsaturated fat (g) 28 ± 6 49 ± 16 + 75 27 ± 5 9 ± 5 −66.66 < 0.0001 n.s. < 0.0001
Polyunsaturated fat (g) 16 ± 3 21 ± 5 + 23.80 16 ± 9 5 ± 2 − 68.75 =0.0003 n.s =0.0003
Cholesterol (mg) 304 ± 101 720 ± 4187 + 136.84 303 ± 98 167 ± 65 − 44.88 < 0.0001 =0.0029 < 0.0001
Fibers (g) 13 ± 2 10 ± 3 −23.07 11 ± 9 15 ± 4 + 36.36 n.s n.s. n.s.
  1. Values are mean ± SD, Analysis performed on 3 days of diet records during baseline (habitual diet) and 7 days during the KD and WD