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Table 3 Change in body mass and composition on ketogenic or control diets

From: Body composition changes in physically active individuals consuming ketogenic diets: a systematic review

First author, ref

Duration (d)

KD

CON

Body Mass (kg)

Fat Mass (kg)

Fat Free Mass (kg)

Calculated Energy Balance (kcal/d)

Body Mass (kg)

Fat Mass (kg)

Fat Free Mass (kg)

Calculated Energy Balance (kcal/d)

Dostal et al. [26],

84

−3.6

− 2.9

− 0.7a

− 338

− 0.9

− 0.4

− 0.5a

− 52

Greene et al. [22],

84

− 1.7

0

−1.7

− 24

1.6

1.1

0.5

132

Gregory et al. [30],

42

− 3.5

− 2.8

− 0.4

−645

0.2

0.1

0.1

25

Heatherly et al. [24], L

21

−2.1

− 2.2

−0.1

− 1002

Kephart et al. [28],

84

−3

− 2.5

− 0.5

− 290

− 0.3

− 0.3

0

−34

LaFountain et al. [29],

84

− 7.7

−5.9

− 1.8a

− 693

0.1

− 0.6

0.7a

− 58

McSwiney et al. [16],

84

− 5.9

−4.6

0.3

− 517

− 0.8

− 0.5

0.1

−55

Nazaraweicz et al. [25],L

28

− 1.7

− 1.7a

0.0a

− 577

Paoli et al. [31],

56

− 0.8

− 1.4

0.6

− 250

1.3

− 0.9

2.2

202

Prins et al. [23],b

42

0.5

−0.2

0.4

−34

0.1

0.5

−0.4

102

Vargas et al. [15],

56

−1.4

− 1.1

− 0.3

− 193

0.9

− 0.4

1.4

−38

Vargas-Molina et al. [27],

56

−2.2

− 1.1

−0.7

− 202

0.8

0.4

0.7

83

Wilson et al. [11],

70

−2.6

− 4.2

1.5

− 545

0.6

− 2.2

2.7

− 253

  1. Lindicated longitudinal study design
  2. aindicates values calculated from available data
  3. bDelta calculated as day 42 – day 4