Gahche J, Bailey R, Burt V, Hughes J, Yetley E, Dwyer J, Picciano MF, McDowell M, Sempos C: Dietary supplement use among U.S. adults has increased since NHANES III (1988–1994). NCHS Data Brief. 2011, 61: 1-8.
Bailey RL, Gahche JJ, Lentino CV, Dwyer JT, Engel JS, Thomas PR, Betz JM, Sempos CT, Picciano MF: Dietary supplement use in the United States, 20032006. J Nutr. 2011, 141: 261-266. 10.3945/jn.110.133025.
Bishop D: Dietary supplements and team-sport performance. Sports Med. 2010, 40: 995-1017. 10.2165/11536870-000000000-00000.
Alvares TS, Meirelles CM, Bhambhani YN, Paschoalin VM, Gomes PS: L-Arginine as a potential ergogenic aid in healthy subjects. Sports Med. 2011, 41: 233-248. 10.2165/11538590-000000000-00000.
Willoughby DS, Boucher T, Reid J, Skelton G, Clark M: Effects of 7days of arginine-alpha-ketoglutarate supplementation on blood flow, plasma L-arginine, nitric oxide metabolites, and asymmetric dimethyl arginine after resistance exercise. Int J Sport Nutr Exerc Metab. 2011, 21: 291-299.
Palmer RM: The L-arginine: nitric oxide pathway. Curr Opin Nephrol Hypertens. 1993, 2: 122-128. 10.1097/00041552-199301000-00018.
Mendes-Ribeiro AC, Mann GE, de Meirelles LR, Moss MB, Matsuura C, Brunini TM: The role of exercise on L-arginine nitric oxide pathway in chronic heart failure. Open Biochem J. 2009, 3: 55-65.
Preli RB, Klein KP, Herrington DM: Vascular effects of dietary L-arginine supplementation. Atherosclerosis. 2002, 162: 1-15. 10.1016/S0021-9150(01)00717-1.
Barbul A: Arginine: biochemistry, physiology, and therapeutic implications. JPEN J Parenter Enteral Nutr. 1986, 10: 227-238. 10.1177/0148607186010002227.
Little JP, Forbes SC, Candow DG, Cornish SM, Chilibeck PD: Creatine, arginine alpha-ketoglutarate, amino acids, and medium-chain triglycerides and endurance and performance. Int J Sport Nutr Exerc Metab. 2008, 18: 493-508.
Wilcock IM, Cronin JB, Hing WA: Physiological response to water immersion: a method for sport recovery?. Sports Med. 2006, 36: 747-765. 10.2165/00007256-200636090-00003.
Clark MG, Rattigan S, Clerk LH, Vincent MA, Clark AD, Youd JM, Newman JM: Nutritive and non-nutritive blood flow: rest and exercise. Acta Physiol Scand. 2000, 168: 519-530. 10.1046/j.1365-201x.2000.00704.x.
Campbell B, Roberts M, Kerksick C, Wilborn C, Marcello B, Taylor L, Nassar E, Leutholtz B, Bowden R, Rasmussen C, et al: Pharmacokinetics, safety, and effects on exercise performance of L-arginine alpha-ketoglutarate in trained adult men. Nutrition. 2006, 22: 872-881. 10.1016/j.nut.2006.06.003.
Miller RT, Martasek P, Omura T, Siler-Masters BS: Rapid kinetic studies of electron transfer in the three isoforms of nitric oxide synthase. Biochem Biophys Res Commun. 1999, 265: 184-188. 10.1006/bbrc.1999.1643.
Brown AC, Macrae HS, Turner NS: Tricarboxylic-acid-cycle intermediates and cycle endurance capacity. Int J Sport Nutr Exerc Metab. 2004, 14: 720-729.
Cynober L: Pharmacokinetics of arginine and related amino acids. J Nutr. 2007, 137: 1646S-1649S.
Hammarqvist F, Wernerman J, von der Decken A, Vinnars E: Alpha-ketoglutarate preserves protein synthesis and free glutamine in skeletal muscle after surgery. Surgery. 1991, 109: 28-36.
Kim K, Lee SG, Kegelman TP, Su ZZ, Das SK, Dash R, Dasgupta S, Barral PM, Hedvat M, Diaz P, et al: Role of excitatory amino acid transporter-2 (EAAT2) and glutamate in neurodegeneration: opportunities for developing novel therapeutics. J Cell Physiol. 2011, 226: 2484-2493. 10.1002/jcp.22609.
Ciruela F, Gomez-Soler M, Guidolin D, Borroto-Escuela DO, Agnati LF, Fuxe K, Fernandez-Duenas V: Adenosine receptor containing oligomers: their role in the control of dopamine and glutamate neurotransmission in the brain. Biochim Biophys Acta. 2011, 1808: 1245-1255. 10.1016/j.bbamem.2011.02.007.
Elam RP, Hardin DH, Sutton RA, Hagen L: Effects of arginine and ornithine on strength, lean body mass and urinary hydroxyproline in adult males. J Sports Med Phys Fitness. 1989, 29: 52-56.
Santos RS, Pacheco MTT, Martins RABL, Villaverde AB, Giana HE, Baptista F, Zangaro RA: Study of the effect of oral administration of L-arginine on muscular performance in healthy volunteers: an isokinetic study. Isokinet Exerc Sci. 2002, 10: 153-158.
Greer BK, Jones BT: Acute arginine supplementation fails to improve muscle endurance or affect blood pressure responses to resistance training. J Strength Cond Res. 2011, 25: 1789-1794. 10.1519/JSC.0b013e3181e07569.
Fricke O, Baecker N, Heer M, Tutlewski B, Schoenau E: The effect of L-arginine administration on muscle force and power in postmenopausal women. Clin Physiol Funct Imaging. 2008, 28: 307-311. 10.1111/j.1475-097X.2008.00809.x.
Santos R, Pacheco M, Martins R, Villaverde A, Giana H, Baptista F, Zngaro R: Study of the effect of oral administration of L-arginine on muscular performance in healthy volunteers: an isokinetic study. Iso Exerc Sci. 2002, 10: 153-158.
Astorino TA, Rohmann RL, Firth K: Effect of caffeine ingestion on one-repetition maximum muscular strength. Eur J Appl Physiol. 2008, 102: 127-132.
Zajac A, Poprzecki S, Zebrowska A, Chalimoniuk M, Langfort J: Arginine and ornithine supplementation increases growth hormone and insulin-like growth factor-1 serum levels after heavy-resistance exercise in strength-trained athletes. J Strength Cond Res. 2010, 24: 1082-1090. 10.1519/JSC.0b013e3181d321ff.
Liu TH, Wu CL, Chiang CW, Lo YW, Tseng HF, Chang CK: No effect of short-term arginine supplementation on nitric oxide production, metabolism and performance in intermittent exercise in athletes. J Nutr Biochem. 2009, 20: 462-468. 10.1016/j.jnutbio.2008.05.005.
Stamler JS, Meissner G: Physiology of nitric oxide in skeletal muscle. Physiol Rev. 2001, 81: 209-237.
Myers J, Gullestad L: The role of exercise testing and gas-exchange measurement in the prognostic assessment of patients with heart failure. Curr Opin Cardiol. 1998, 13: 145-155.
Maciel BC, Gallo L: Marin-Neto JA, Lima-Filho EC, Martins LE: Autonomic nervous control of the heart rate during dynamic exercise in normal man. Clin Sci (Lond). 1986, 71: 457-460.
Rotto DM, Kaufman MP: Effect of metabolic products of muscular contraction on discharge of group III and IV afferents. J Appl Physiol. 1988, 64: 2306-2313.
Brown SJ, Brown JA: Resting and postexercise cardiac autonomic control in trained master athletes. J Physiol Sci. 2007, 57: 23-29. 10.2170/physiolsci.RP012306.
Lamberts RP, Lambert MI: Day-to-day variation in heart rate at different levels of submaximal exertion: implications for monitoring training. J Strength Cond Res. 2009, 23: 1005-1010. 10.1519/JSC.0b013e3181a2dcdc.
Swart J, Lamberts RP, Derman W, Lambert MI: Effects of high-intensity training by heart rate or power in well-trained cyclists. J Strength Cond Res. 2009, 23: 619-625. 10.1519/JSC.0b013e31818cc5f5.
Bloomer RJ, Farney TM, Trepanowski JF, McCarthy CG, Canale RE, Schilling BK: Comparison of pre-workout nitric oxide stimulating dietary supplements on skeletal muscle oxygen saturation, blood nitrate/nitrite, lipid peroxidation, and upper body exercise performance in resistance trained men. J Int Soc Sports Nutr. 2010, 7: 16-10.1186/1550-2783-7-16.
Haram PM, Kemi OJ, Wisloff U: Adaptation of endothelium to exercise training: insights from experimental studies. Front Biosci. 2008, 13: 336-346. 10.2741/2683.
Paddon-Jones D, Borsheim E, Wolfe RR: Potential ergogenic effects of arginine and creatine supplementation. J Nutr. 2004, 134: 2888 S-2894 S. discussion 2895 S
Castillo L, Sanchez M, Vogt J, Chapman TE, DeRojas-Walker TC, Tannenbaum SR, Ajami AM, Young VR: Plasma arginine, citrulline, and ornithine kinetics in adults, with observations on nitric oxide synthesis. Am J Physiol. 1995, 268: E360-E367.
Prosser JM, Majlesi N, Chan GM, Olsen D, Hoffman RS, Nelson LS: Adverse effects associated with arginine alpha-ketoglutarate containing supplements. Hum Exp Toxicol. 2009, 28: 259-262. 10.1177/0960327109104498.