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  1. Amino acid supplementation has been shown to potentially reduced exercise-induced muscle soreness. Thus, the purpose of this study was to examine if branched chain amino acid and carbohydrate (BCAACHO) versus ...

    Authors: Wesley C. Kephart, Petey W. Mumford, Anna E. McCloskey, A. Maleah Holland, Joshua J. Shake, C. Brooks Mobley, Adam E. Jagodinsky, Wendi H. Weimar, Gretchen D. Oliver, Kaelin C. Young, Jordan R. Moon and Michael D. Roberts

    Citation: Journal of the International Society of Sports Nutrition 2016 13:30

    Content type: Research article

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  2. Consumption of pre-workout dietary supplements by both recreational and competitive athletes has increased dramatically in recent years. The purpose of this study was to determine the acute effects of a caffei...

    Authors: Nic Martinez, Bill Campbell, Madison Franek, Laura Buchanan and Ryan Colquhoun

    Citation: Journal of the International Society of Sports Nutrition 2016 13:29

    Content type: Research article

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  3. The decline in cognitive performance has been shown after fatiguing exercise. Branched-chain amino acids (BCAA) have been suggested to alleviate exercise-induced central fatigue. Arginine and citrulline could ...

    Authors: I-Fan Chen, Huey-June Wu, Chung-Yu Chen, Kuei-Ming Chou and Chen-Kang Chang

    Citation: Journal of the International Society of Sports Nutrition 2016 13:28

    Content type: Research article

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  4. Carbohydrate supplements are widely used by athletes as an ergogenic aid before and during sports events. The present systematic review and meta-analysis aimed at synthesizing all available data from randomize...

    Authors: Martin Pöchmüller, Lukas Schwingshackl, Paolo C. Colombani and Georg Hoffmann

    Citation: Journal of the International Society of Sports Nutrition 2016 13:27

    Content type: Research article

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  5. The transient rise in blood lipids following a high-fat meal (HFM), known as postprandial lipemia, is linked to systemic inflammation and cardiovascular disease, but can be blunted by exercise. However, minima...

    Authors: Sam R. Emerson, Stephanie P. Kurti, Brian S. Snyder, Karthikeyan Sitaraman, Mark D. Haub and Sara K. Rosenkranz

    Citation: Journal of the International Society of Sports Nutrition 2016 13:26

    Content type: Research article

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  6. Increased ATP levels may enhance training-induced muscle accretion and fat loss, and caffeine is a known ergogenic aid. A novel supplement containing ancient peat and apple extracts has reported enhanced mitoc...

    Authors: Jordan M. Joy, Roxanne M. Vogel, Jordan R. Moon, Paul H. Falcone, Matt M. Mosman and Michael P. Kim

    Citation: Journal of the International Society of Sports Nutrition 2016 13:25

    Content type: Research article

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  7. Phosphatidic acid (PA) is a lipid messenger that has been shown to increase muscle protein synthesis via signaling stimulation of the mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR). MaxxTOR® (MT) is a supplement that co...

    Authors: Guillermo Escalante, Michelle Alencar, Bryan Haddock and Phillip Harvey

    Citation: Journal of the International Society of Sports Nutrition 2016 13:24

    Content type: Research article

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  8. We hypothesized that overnight fasting after a short dietary period, especially with carbohydrates, could allow performing breath-hold diving with no restraint for diaphragm excursion and blood shift and witho...

    Authors: Giovanna Ghiani, Elisabetta Marongiu, Sergio Olla, Marco Pinna, Matteo Pusceddu, Girolamo Palazzolo, Irene Sanna, Silvana Roberto, Antonio Crisafulli and Filippo Tocco

    Citation: Journal of the International Society of Sports Nutrition 2016 13:23

    Content type: Research article

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  9. The purpose of this study was to determine whether short-term supplementation of a powdered tart cherry supplement prior to and following stressful endurance exercise would affect markers of muscle damage, inf...

    Authors: Kyle Levers, Ryan Dalton, Elfego Galvan, Abigail O’Connor, Chelsea Goodenough, Sunday Simbo, Susanne U. Mertens-Talcott, Christopher Rasmussen, Mike Greenwood, Steven Riechman, Stephen Crouse and Richard B. Kreider

    Citation: Journal of the International Society of Sports Nutrition 2016 13:22

    Content type: Research article

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  10. J Int Soc Sports Nutr 13:1-015-0112-9, 2016 describe the efficacy of branched chain amino acid (BCAA) supplementation and resistance training for maintaining lean body mass during a calorie-restricted diet, an...

    Authors: Brad P. Dieter, Brad Jon Schoenfeld and Alan A. Aragon

    Citation: Journal of the International Society of Sports Nutrition 2016 13:21

    Content type: Letter to the Editor

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  11. The purple mangosteen (Garcinia mangostana), known as the "queen of fruit," is widely consumed and unique not only because of its outstanding appearance and flavor but also its remarkable and diverse pharmacologi...

    Authors: Chih-Wei Chang, Tzu-Zung Huang, Wen-Hsin Chang, Yi-Chun Tseng, Yu-Tse Wu and Mei-Chich Hsu

    Citation: Journal of the International Society of Sports Nutrition 2016 13:20

    Content type: Research article

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  12. The effect of mouth rinsing with a carbohydrate (CHO) solution on exercise performance is inconclusive with no benefits observed in the fed state. This study examined the effect of CHO mouth rinse or CHO inges...

    Authors: Ajmol Ali, Michelle Ji Yeon Yoo, Catherine Moss and Bernhard H. Breier

    Citation: Journal of the International Society of Sports Nutrition 2016 13:19

    Content type: Research article

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  13. The present study aimed to investigate the concomitant effects of Ramadan intermittent fast (RIF) and muscle fatigue on neuromuscular performances and reaction times in young trained athletes.

    Authors: Nidhal Zarrouk, Omar Hammouda, Imed Latiri, Hela Adala, Ezzedine Bouhlel, Haithem Rebai and Mohamed Dogui

    Citation: Journal of the International Society of Sports Nutrition 2016 13:18

    Content type: Research article

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  14. Dehydration caused by prolonged exercise impairs thermoregulation, endurance and exercise performance. Evidence from animal and human studies validates the potential of desalinated deep-ocean mineral water to ...

    Authors: Douglas A. Keen, Eleni Constantopoulos and John P. Konhilas

    Citation: Journal of the International Society of Sports Nutrition 2016 13:17

    Content type: Short report

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  15. Eicosanoids mediate initiation and resolution of inflammation. Our aim was evaluating the effects of training, exercise and docosahexaenoic (DHA) supplementation on plasma eicosanoids levels and peripheral blo...

    Authors: X. Capó, M. Martorell, A. Sureda, J. A. Tur and A. Pons

    Citation: Journal of the International Society of Sports Nutrition 2016 13:16

    Content type: Research article

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  16. Modern pentathlon comprises five sports: fencing, swimming, equestrian jumping, and a combined event of pistol shooting and running. Despite the expected high energy demand of this sport, there are few studies...

    Authors: Leticia Azen Alves Coutinho, Cristiana Pedrosa Melo Porto and Anna Paola Trindade Rocha Pierucci

    Citation: Journal of the International Society of Sports Nutrition 2016 13:15

    Content type: Research article

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  17. While it is known that dietary supplements containing a combination of thermogenic ingredients can increase resting metabolic rate (RMR), the magnitude can vary based on the active ingredient and/or combinatio...

    Authors: Bill I. Campbell, Ryan J. Colquhoun, Gina Zito, Nic Martinez, Kristina Kendall, Laura Buchanan, Matt Lehn, Mallory Johnson, Courtney St. Louis, Yasmin Smith and Brad Cloer

    Citation: Journal of the International Society of Sports Nutrition 2016 13:14

    Content type: Research article

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  18. Recent investigations have identified that commercially available dietary supplements, containing a combination of thermogenic ingredients, can increase resting metabolic rate (RMR). Thermogenic dietary supple...

    Authors: Bill I. Campbell, Gina Zito, Ryan Colquhoun, Nic Martinez, Kristina Kendall, Laura Buchanan, Matt Lehn, Mallory Johnson, Courtney St. Louis, Yasmin Smith, Brad Cloer and Allison Pingel

    Citation: Journal of the International Society of Sports Nutrition 2016 13:13

    Content type: Research article

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  19. Creatine monohydrate (CrM) and nitrate are popular supplements for improving exercise performance; yet have not been investigated in combination. We performed two studies to determine the safety and exercise p...

    Authors: Elfego Galvan, Dillon K. Walker, Sunday Y. Simbo, Ryan Dalton, Kyle Levers, Abigail O’Connor, Chelsea Goodenough, Nicholas D. Barringer, Mike Greenwood, Christopher Rasmussen, Stephen B. Smith, Steven E. Riechman, James D. Fluckey, Peter S. Murano, Conrad P. Earnest and Richard B. Kreider

    Citation: Journal of the International Society of Sports Nutrition 2016 13:12

    Content type: Research article

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  20. Multi-ingredient pre-workout supplements (MIPS) are popular among resistance trained individuals. Previous research has indicated that acute MIPS ingestion may increase muscular endurance when using a hypertro...

    Authors: Andrew R. Jagim, Margaret T. Jones, Glenn A. Wright, Carly St. Antoine, Attila Kovacs and Jonathan M. Oliver

    Citation: Journal of the International Society of Sports Nutrition 2016 13:11

    Content type: Research article

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  21. It is habitual for combat sports athletes to lose weight rapidly to get into a lower weight class. Fluid restriction, dehydration by sweating (sauna or exercise) and the use of diuretics are among the most rec...

    Authors: J. G. Pallarés, A. Martínez-Abellán, J. M. López-Gullón, R. Morán-Navarro, E. De la Cruz-Sánchez and R. Mora-Rodríguez

    Citation: Journal of the International Society of Sports Nutrition 2016 13:10

    Content type: Research article

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  22. Training camps for top-class endurance athletes place high physiological demands on the body. Focus on optimizing recovery between training sessions is necessary to minimize the risk of injuries and improve ad...

    Authors: Mette Hansen, Jens Bangsbo, Jørgen Jensen, Matilde Krause-Jensen, Bo Martin Bibby, Ove Sollie, Ulrika Andersson Hall and Klavs Madsen

    Citation: Journal of the International Society of Sports Nutrition 2016 13:9

    Content type: Research article

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  23. The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of combined β-hydroxy-β-methylbutyrate (HMB) and whey protein ingestion on muscle strength and damage following a single bout of eccentric exercise.

    Authors: Minayuki Shirato, Yosuke Tsuchiya, Teruyuki Sato, Saki Hamano, Takeshi Gushiken, Naoto Kimura and Eisuke Ochi

    Citation: Journal of the International Society of Sports Nutrition 2016 13:7

    Content type: Research article

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  24. Many human studies report that nitric oxide (NO) improves sport performance. This is because NO is a potential modulator of blood flow, muscle energy metabolism, and mitochondrial respiration during exercise. ...

    Authors: Takashi Suzuki, Masahiko Morita, Yoshinori Kobayashi and Ayako Kamimura

    Citation: Journal of the International Society of Sports Nutrition 2016 13:6

    Content type: Research article

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  25. The editors of Journal of the International Society of Sports Nutrition would like to thank all our reviewers who have contributed to the journal from Volume 12 (2015).

    Authors: Jose Antonio, Douglas Kalman and Richard Kreider

    Citation: Journal of the International Society of Sports Nutrition 2016 13:5

    Content type: Reviewer acknowledgement

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  26. Exercising at intensities where fat oxidation rates are high has been shown to induce metabolic benefits in recreational and health-oriented sportsmen. The exercise intensity (Fatpeak) eliciting peak fat oxidatio...

    Authors: Raul De Souza Silveira, Anja Carlsohn, Georg Langen, Frank Mayer and Friederike Scharhag-Rosenberger

    Citation: Journal of the International Society of Sports Nutrition 2016 13:4

    Content type: Research article

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  27. Eight weeks of a high protein diet (>3 g/kg/day) coupled with a periodized heavy resistance training program has been shown to positively affect body composition with no deleterious effects on health. Using a ...

    Authors: Jose Antonio, Anya Ellerbroek, Tobin Silver, Leonel Vargas and Corey Peacock

    Citation: Journal of the International Society of Sports Nutrition 2016 13:3

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  28. Theacrine (1,3,7,9-tetramethyluric acid) is a purine alkaloid found in certain coffee (Coffea) species, fruits (Cupuacu [Theobroma grandiflorum]), and tea (Camellia assamica, var. kucha) that has anti-inflamma...

    Authors: Lem Taylor, Petey Mumford, Mike Roberts, Sara Hayward, Jacy Mullins, Stacie Urbina and Colin Wilborn

    Citation: Journal of the International Society of Sports Nutrition 2016 13:2

    Content type: Research article

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  29. Athletes and active adults many times have the goal of improving/maintaining fitness while losing weight and this is best achieved by caloric restriction in combination with exercise. However, this poses a ris...

    Authors: Wesley David Dudgeon, Elizabeth Page Kelley and Timothy Paul Scheett

    Citation: Journal of the International Society of Sports Nutrition 2016 13:1

    Content type: Research article

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  30. Bodybuilding is full of myths and practices that are contrary to the scientific literature, which can lead to health problems. Adopting a scientifically designed approach is very important, as it may help body...

    Authors: Paulo Gentil

    Citation: Journal of the International Society of Sports Nutrition 2015 12:50

    Content type: Letter to the Editor

    Published on:

  31. Dietary supplement use is endemic in young athletes; however, it is unclear if their choices are congruent with their motivation for supplementation and the established benefits of the dietary supplements. The...

    Authors: Jill A. Parnell, Kristin Wiens and Kelly Anne Erdman

    Citation: Journal of the International Society of Sports Nutrition 2015 12:49

    Content type: Research article

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  32. Nutrition intake in the context of a resistance training (RT) bout may affect body composition and muscle strength. However, the individual and combined effects of whey protein and carbohydrates on long-term r...

    Authors: Juha J. Hulmi, Mia Laakso, Antti A. Mero, Keijo Häkkinen, Juha P. Ahtiainen and Heikki Peltonen

    Citation: Journal of the International Society of Sports Nutrition 2015 12:48

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  33. Dark chocolate (DC) is abundant in flavanols which have been reported to increase the bioavailability and bioactivity of nitric oxide (NO). Increasing NO bioavailability has often demonstrated reduced oxygen c...

    Authors: Rishikesh Kankesh Patel, James Brouner and Owen Spendiff

    Citation: Journal of the International Society of Sports Nutrition 2015 12:47

    Content type: Research article

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  34. Endurance athletes are advised to optimize nutrition prior to races. Little is known about actual athletes’ beliefs, knowledge and nutritional behaviour. We monitored nutritional behaviour of amateur ski-mount...

    Authors: Caroline Praz, Mélanie Granges, Céline Burtin and Bengt Kayser

    Citation: Journal of the International Society of Sports Nutrition 2015 12:46

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  35. Creatine (CR) is considered an effective nutritional supplement having ergogenic effects, which appears more pronounced in upper-body compared to lower-body exercise. Nevertheless, results regarding the impact...

    Authors: Martin Aedma, Saima Timpmann, Evelin Lätt and Vahur Ööpik

    Citation: Journal of the International Society of Sports Nutrition 2015 12:45

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  36. Achieving fat-loss outcomes by ingesting multi-ingredient mixtures may be further enhanced during exercise. This study tested the acute thermogenic effectiveness of a commercially available multi-ingredient pr...

    Authors: Ahmad Alkhatib, Marcos Seijo, Eneko Larumbe and Fernando Naclerio

    Citation: Journal of the International Society of Sports Nutrition 2015 12:44

    Content type: Research article

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  37. Withania somnifera (ashwagandha) is a prominent herb in Ayurveda. This study was conducted to examine the possible effects of ashwagandha root extract consumption on muscle mass and st...

    Authors: Sachin Wankhede, Deepak Langade, Kedar Joshi, Shymal R. Sinha and Sauvik Bhattacharyya

    Citation: Journal of the International Society of Sports Nutrition 2015 12:43

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  38. Ergogenic aides are widely used by fitness enthusiasts and athletes to increase performance. Alpha glycerylphosphorylcholine (A-GPC) has demonstrated some initial promise in changing explosive performance. The...

    Authors: David Bellar, Nina R. LeBlanc and Brian Campbell

    Citation: Journal of the International Society of Sports Nutrition 2015 12:42

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  39. The purpose of this study was to examine whether short-term ingestion of a powdered tart cherry supplement prior to and following intense resistance-exercise attenuates muscle soreness and recovery strength lo...

    Authors: Kyle Levers, Ryan Dalton, Elfego Galvan, Chelsea Goodenough, Abigail O’Connor, Sunday Simbo, Nicholas Barringer, Susanne U. Mertens-Talcott, Christopher Rasmussen, Mike Greenwood, Steven Riechman, Stephen Crouse and Richard B. Kreider

    Citation: Journal of the International Society of Sports Nutrition 2015 12:41

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  40. Authors: Sara Hayward, Jacy Mullins, Stacie Urbina, Emily Santos, Katelyn Villa, Nicole Viana, Shelbey Perkins, Jennifer Ander, Alyssa Olivencia, Shannon McGorty, Colin Wilborn and Lem Taylor

    Citation: Journal of the International Society of Sports Nutrition 2015 12(Suppl 1):P59

    Content type: Poster presentation

    Published on:

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 12 Supplement 1

  41. Zeolites are crystalline compounds with microporous structures of Si-tetrahedrons. In the gut, these silicates could act as adsorbents, ion-exchangers, catalysts, detergents or anti-diarrheic agents. This stud...

    Authors: Manfred Lamprecht, Simon Bogner, Kurt Steinbauer, Burkhard Schuetz, Joachim F. Greilberger, Bettina Leber, Bernhard Wagner, Erwin Zinser, Thomas Petek, Sandra Wallner-Liebmann, Tanja Oberwinkler, Norbert Bachl and Gert Schippinger

    Citation: Journal of the International Society of Sports Nutrition 2015 12:40

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  42. The consumption of a high protein diet (>4 g/kg/d) in trained men and women who did not alter their exercise program has been previously shown to have no significant effect on body composition. Thus, the purpo...

    Authors: Jose Antonio, Anya Ellerbroek, Tobin Silver, Steve Orris, Max Scheiner, Adriana Gonzalez and Corey A Peacock

    Citation: Journal of the International Society of Sports Nutrition 2015 12:39

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  43. Iron is a functional component of oxygen transport and energy production in humans and therefore is a critically important micronutrient for sport and exercise performance. Athletes, particularly female athlet...

    Authors: Ieva Alaunyte, Valentina Stojceska and Andrew Plunkett

    Citation: Journal of the International Society of Sports Nutrition 2015 12:38

    Content type: Review

    Published on:

  44. The purpose of this study was to examine the ergogenic benefits of Turkish coffee consumed an hour before exercise. In addition, metabolic, cardiovascular, and subjective measures of energy, focus and alertnes...

    Authors: David D. Church, Jay R. Hoffman, Michael B. LaMonica, Joshua J. Riffe, Mattan W. Hoffman, Kayla M. Baker, Alyssa N. Varanoske, Adam J. Wells, David H. Fukuda and Jeffrey R. Stout

    Citation: Journal of the International Society of Sports Nutrition 2015 12:37

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  45. Citation: Journal of the International Society of Sports Nutrition 2015 12(Suppl 1):P44

    Content type: Poster presentation

    Published on:

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 12 Supplement 1

  46. Authors: Grant M Tinsley, Natalie K Butler, Jeffrey S Forsse, Annie A Bane, Grant B Morgan, Paul S Hwang, Peter W Grandjean and Paul M La Bounty

    Citation: Journal of the International Society of Sports Nutrition 2015 12(Suppl 1):P38

    Content type: Poster presentation

    Published on:

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 12 Supplement 1

  47. Authors: Matthew Sharp, Kevin Shields, Ryan Lowery, Jason Lane, Jeremy Partl, Chase Holmer, Julie Minevich, Eduardo De Souza and Jacob Wilson

    Citation: Journal of the International Society of Sports Nutrition 2015 12(Suppl 1):P11

    Content type: Poster presentation

    Published on:

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 12 Supplement 1

  48. Citation: Journal of the International Society of Sports Nutrition 2015 12(Suppl 1):P2

    Content type: Poster presentation

    Published on:

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 12 Supplement 1

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