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Table 2 Overall sample characteristics

From: Edema-like symptoms are common in ultra-distance cyclists and driven by overdrinking, use of analgesics and female sex – a study of 919 athletes

Symptom N % of total sample Mean (SD) day of onset Mean (SD) severity [1–6 point scale]
Swelling symptoms (overall) 498 54.2% 3.14 (1.56) 2.38 (1.16)
Facial swelling 184 20.0% 3.25 (1.61) 2.20 (1.52)
Eyelid swelling 183 19.9% 3.18 (1.67) 2.22 (1.54)
Swelling of toes/feet 365 39.7% 2.97 (1.56) 2.59 (1.41)
Swelling of fingers/hands 281 30.6% 3.15 (1.67) 2.49 (1.47)
Swelling of extremities (arms/legs) 202 22.0% 3.50 (1.81) 2.39 (1.60)
Urine related symptoms (overall) 524 57.0% 2.22 (1.42) 2.10 (1.04)
Reduced urine output 399 43.4% 2.04 (1.38) 2.52 (1.50)
Increased urine output 105 11.4% 2.58 (1.81) 1.76 (1.23)
Concentrated/darker urine 384 41.8% 2.22 (1.42) 2.62 (1.57)
Less concentrated/lighter urine 89 9.7% 2.67 (1.89) 1.47 (0.92)
Bubbly or foamy urine 53 5.8% 2.91 (1.81) 2.13 (1.71)
  1. Abbreviations: SD standard deviation