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Table 1 Nutrients and substrates appeared and analyzed in the clusters

From: Structure and trends of international sport nutrition research between 2000 and 2018: bibliometric mapping of sport nutrition science

Topic Nutrients and substrates
soccer and physiology carbohydrates, glucose, anthocyanin
carbohydrate metabolism proteins, carbohydrates, glucose, fructose
muscle physiology: alkalosis and acidosis sodium-bicarbonate, carnosine, caffeine, beta-alanine,
muscle mass gain and dietary supplementation creatine, beta-alanine, proteins, amino acids,
fluid balance and hydration carbohydrates, sodium-bicarbonate, proteins
dietary intake and nutrition knowledge beta-alanine, proteins
determination of energy need of athletes carbohydrates, proteins, caffeine
bone health, female athlete triad calcium
hydration strategy carbohydrates, sodium-bicarbonate
body weight management proteins, creatine
nutritional strategies and human skeletal muscle carbohydrate, protein, sodium- bicarbonate, fructose
dietary supplementation of nitrates dietary nitrates, beetroot juice, caffeine
oxidative stress and dietary supplement use antioxidants, creatine, omega-3 fatty acids, vitamin E,
dietary supplement use and doping creatin, caffeine, nitrate
oxidative stress, inflammation and dietary antioxidants antioxidants, green tea, carnosine, beta-alanine, amino acids
exercise adaptation and nutritional strategies carbohydrates, fats, beta-alanine
gut microbiota protein, probiotics
celiac disease creatine, sodium