Skip to main content

Table 2 Classification of major polyphenols present in grapes and derivatives

From: Grape polyphenols supplementation for exercise-induced oxidative stress

Group Subclass Compound
Flavonoids Flavonols Quercetin, Kaempferol, Myricetin, Isorhamnetin, Laricitrin, Syringetin
Flavones Luteolin, Genistein, Apigenin
Flavanols Catechin, Epicatechin, Gallocatechin, Epigallocatechin, Epicatechin gallate, Epigallocatechin gallate
Flavanones Eriodictyol, Naringenin, Hesperetin
Anthocyanins Cyanidin, Peonidin, Delphinidin, Pelargonidin, Petunidin, Malvidin
Flavanonols Taxifolin, Astilbin, Dihydromyricetin-3-0-rhamnoside
Flavanes  
Chalcones and Dihydrochalcones  
Phenolic acids Hydroxybenzoic acids Parahydroxybenzoic, Protocatechuic, Vanillic, Gallic, Syringic
Hydroxycinnamic acids p-Coumaric, Caffeic, Ferulic, Sinapic, Caftaric, p-Coutaric, Fertaric
Tannins Hydrolyzable tannins Gallotannins, Ellagitannins
Condensed tannins Proanthocyanidins
Stilbenes   Resveratrol, Viniferins, Piceid, Piceatanol, Astringin, Pterostilbene, Pallidol, Parthenocissin, Ameurensin G
Coumarins   Umbelliferone, Esculetin, Scopoletin
Phenylethanol derivatives   Tyrosol, Hydroxytyrosol
Lignans and neolignans   Isolariciresinol, Secoisolariciresinol, Lariciresinol, Cedrusin