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Table 4 Hemodynamic and Body Composition Variables

From: Effects of daily 24-gram doses of rice or whey protein on resistance training adaptations in trained males

      Group x Time Time Group
Variable Group Week 2 Week 10 ES 95% CI (p) (p) (p)
Heart Rate (beats/min) Whey
Rice
63.7 ± 8.1
58.0 ± 9.6
63.8 ± 9.0
59.0 ± 10.2
0.10 (−7.2, 5.4) 0.77 0.73 0.15
Systolic BP
(mm Hg)
Whey
Rice
124.9 ± 10.7
125.4 ± 5.9
120.5 ± 10.3
125.1 ± 6.3
0.48 (−10.0, 1.8) 0.16 0.11 0.44
Diastolic BP
(mm Hg)
Whey
Rice
69.1 ± 8.6
68.1 ± 8.7
69.8 ± 9.0
66.2 ± 8.8
0.29 (− 1.8, 7.0) 0.23 0.56 0.51
Body Mass
(kg)
Whey
Rice
87.0 ± 8.7
89.2 ± 8.1
88.2 ± 9.1†
89.7 ± 7.8
− 0.07 (− 0.88, 2.03) 0.42 0.02 0.59
Body Mass Index (kg/m2) Whey
Rice
27.2 ± 1.9
27.8 ± 1.9
27.5 ± 1.9†
27.9 ± 1.8
− 0.08 (− 0.34, 0.65) 0.51 0.07 0.51
Total Body Water (L) Whey
Rice
49.7 ± 4.5
50.4 ± 4.2
50.5 ± 4.1†
51.7 ± 4.4†
0.12 (−2.16, 1.11) 0.51 0.01 0.61
DXA Bone Content (kg) Whey
Rice
3.05 ± 0.40
3.13 ± 0.30
3.08 ± 0.38
3.10 ± 0.28
0.20 (0.01, 0.12) 0.02 0.91 0.70
DXA Lean Mass (kg) Whey
Rice
63.4 ± 5.3
64.7 ± 6.3
64.5 ± 5.7†
65.3 ± 6.2†
− 0.10 (− 0.73, 1.91) 0.37 0.01 0.60
DXA Fat Mass (kg) Whey
Rice
17.3 ± 4.9
18.4 ± 3.7
17.5 ± 4.7
18.4 ± 3.4
− 0.06 (− 0.48, 1.02) 0.46 0.60 0.54
DXA Fat-Free Mass (kg) Whey
Rice
65.9 ± 5.6
67.2 ± 6.6
67.0 ± 5.8†
67.8 ± 6.5†
−0.11 (− 0.68, 1.99) 0.32 0.01 0.60
DXA Body Fat (%) Whey
Rice
20.6 ± 4.2
21.5 ± 3.8
20.5 ± 3.9
21.4 ± 3.8
0.01 (− 0.63, 0.71) 0.90 0.49 0.58
Dry Lean Mass
(kg)
Whey
Rice
16.7 ± 2.1
17.6 ± 3.9
17.1 ± 2.5
16.9 ± 3.7
− 0.35 (− 0.46, 2.69) 0.16 0.72 0.78
  1. † = Significant change (p < 0.05) within each group from each group’s respective baseline; Time Main effect for time; p probability level of making Type I error; 95% CI 95% confidence intervals were computed on the observed changes from baseline between groups; ES Effect size calculated as ([Week 10 Rice Protein – Week 2 Rice Protein] – [Week 10 Whey Protein – Week 2 Whey Protein]) / Pooled SD. DXA Dual-energy x-ray absorptiometry