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Table 3 Frequency (percent) of MMA athletes that used a source of advice for a specific method to cut weight. N = Number of MMA athletes

From: Self-reported methods of weight cutting in professional mixed-martial artists: how much are they losing and who is advising them?

MethodSource of Advice
Registered dietitian nutritionistTeammatesMagazinesDoctorSocial mediaProf. orgs.Other: FriendsOther: coachOther
Overall N1977402823427
Food restriction73.7%84.4%100.0% 85.7%50.0%100.0%100.0%81.5%
Sauna68.4%72.7%100.0% 78.5%50.0%66.7%25.0%77.8%
Diuretics 1.3%      3.7%
Sweat-suit52.6%62.3%100.0% 60.7% 33.3% 55.6%
Increased training63.2%70.1%50.0% 71.4%100.0%100.0%100.0%63.0%
Water load68.4%75.3%100.0% 85.7%100.0%100.0%100.0%63.0%
Vomiting or laxatives 1.3%       
Salt bath21.1%29.9%50.0% 39.3%50.0% 25.0%18.5%
Salt load10.5%5.2%      3.7%
Juice cleanse 1.3%  7.1%   7.4%
Sweet sweat5.3%16.9%50.0% 28.6%50.0%33.3%25.0%26.0%
Low carb5.3%       3.7%
Colonic5.3%3.9%50.0% 7.1%   7.4%
Water restrictions 2.6%      7.4%
Jacuzzi or hot tub 7.8%  14.3%  25.0%7.4%
Other (low sodium diet)5.3%1.3%      3.7%
Other (ketogenic diet)    3.6%   3.7%
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