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Table 2 Frequency (percent) of methods used to cut weight by MMA athletes in relation to amount of weight lost. N = Number of MMA athletes

From: Self-reported methods of weight cutting in professional mixed-martial artists: how much are they losing and who is advising them?

MethodFrequency (%)Amount of weight cut
 0–2 lbs.3–5 lbs6–10 lbs11–15 lbs16–20 lbs21–25 lbs26+ lbs
Overall N9221220202423
# of methods used M (SD)4.27 (1.51)0 (0.0)2 (2.0)5.50 (.71)4.45 (1.19)4.05 (1.15)4.46 (1.59)4.48 (1.50)
Food restriction82.6% 100.0%100.0%85.0%85.0%79.2%87.2%
Sauna69.6%   75.0%65.0%66.7%78.3%
Diuretics2.2%     4.2%4.3%
Sweat-suit59.8%   65.0%65.0%158.3%56.5%
Increased training69.6% 100.0%50.0%80.0%70.0%70.8%65.2%
Water load72.8%  100.0%80.0%70.0%79.2%69.6%
Vomiting or laxatives1.1%   5.0%   
Salt bath29.3%  50.0%20.0%30.0%37.5%30.4%
Salt load4.3%   5.0% 8.3%4.3%
Juice cleanse3.3%   10.0%  4.3%
Sweet sweat15.2%   10.0%15.0%20.8%17.4%
Low carb1.1%      4.3%
Colonic3.3%    5.0%4.2%4.3%
Water restrictions2.2%   5.0% 4.2% 
Jacuzzi or hot tub6.5%  50.0%5.0% 12.5%4.3%
Other (low sodium diet)2.2%      8.7%
Other (ketogenic diet)1.1%      4.3%
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