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Table 3 Total macronutrient intake of competitive bodybuilders during contest preparation: mean daily intake with standard deviations

From: Nutritional strategies of high level natural bodybuilders during competition preparation

  Diet phase Placed SD DNP SD Mean SD P value time P value result P value time x result
Male
 Protein (total g per day) Start 254.0 92.7 232.3 52.3 242.4 73.4    
Middle 252.9 76.4 231.2 52.2 240.9 63.9 0.09 0.20 0.73
End 243.7 64.2 205.2 54.4 222.4 61.1    
 Carbohydrate (total g per day) Start 431.1 165.1 323.6 78.9 373.8 135.7    
Middle 392.8 142.5 288.0 106.5 335.0 132.6 0.01 0.14 0.51
End 340.6 156.5 268.6 185.0 300.8 173.7    
 Fat (total g per day) Start 64.7 26.0 75.8 48.7 70.6 39.5    
Middle 61.7 21.7 69.4 48.6 65.9 38.5 0.01 0.57 0.57
End 45.4 20.3 44.8 23.9 45.1 22.0    
Energy (total kcal per day) Start 3214.8 1023.4 2824.6 587.5 3006.7 829.0    
Middle 3039.5 796.6 2629.9 575.6 2813.5 701.7 0.01 0.20 0.83
End 2660.6 571.3 2231.0 659.9 2423.6 648.4    
Female
 Protein (total g per day) Start 172.0 28.3 177.1 22.5 174.7 24.6    
Middle 168.3 34.1 166.3 24.7 167.2 28.4 0.93 0.63 0.56
End 150.9 44.1 166.8 29.3 159.3 36.5    
 Carbohydrate (total g per day) Start 243.7 155.5 274.0 66.0 259.9 113.1    
Middle 220.9 126.3 226.0 72.1 223.6 97.1 0.01 0.90 0.54
End 196.7 99.2 179.0 84.0 187.3 88.5    
 Fat (total g per day) Start 44.3 18.8 59.2 28.0 52.3 24.5    
Middle 44.1 19.2 52.7 19.7 48.7 19.3 0.02 0.17 0.64
End 28.6 6.1 44.0 22.0 36.8 17.9    
 Energy (total kcal per day) Start 2000.8 551.7 2269.0 423.5 2143.8 489.2    
Middle 1898.3 479.8 1986.7 405.1 1945.4 405.1 0.01 0.76 0.70
End 1598.9 256.8 1734.4 363.0 1671.1 363.0    
  1. P time, difference in means over time (start, middle, end), P result, difference in means between Place and DNP. Time x Result interaction between diet over time and result. Differences in macronutrients and energy measured by repeated measures ANOVA. Statistical significance assumed where P < 0.05
  2. Abbreviations: SD standard deviation, Placed achieved top 5 of the competition, DNP did not place in top 5 of the competition