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Table 1 Vegetarian Diets: Definitions

From: Vegan diets: practical advice for athletes and exercisers




Occasionally consumes animal flesh (meat, poultry) and fish, eggs, dairy


Excludes animal flesh but does include fish

Lacto-ovo vegetarian

Excludes all flesh; includes diary and eggs only

Lacto vegetarian

Excludes all flesh and eggs; includes dairy only

Ovo vegetarian

Excludes all flesh and dairy; includes eggs only


Excludes all animal products

Macrobiotic vegetarianb

Variable dietary restrictions; includes wild meat/game and fish in some variations of the diet


Includes fruit, nuts, seeds and a some vegetables

  1. aDefinitions from Phillips 2004 [14]
  2. bReaders are advised to exercise caution in their interpretation of Flexitarian and Macrobiotic diets as vegetarian diets; owing to their selective inclusion of meat, poultry, fish and seafood, such diets might not be truly vegetarian