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Table 1 Characteristics of the groups in the various sporting metabolic modalities and control group

From: Serum concentration of several trace metals and physical training

  Control
(n = 31)
Sportsm
(n = 80)
Aerobic
(n = 28)
Anaerobic
(n = 24)
Aerobic-anaerobic
(n = 28)
Height (m) 1,76 ± 0,057 1,76 ± 0,07 1,77 ± 0,05 1,73 ± 0,07 1,80 ± 0,05
Weight (kg) 78,21 ± 12,19 65,31 ± 7,55*** 64,95 ± 7,10*** 64,91 ± 8,46*** 73,78 ± 6,12*†††■■■
Σ4 skinfolds (mm) 52,02 ± 23,77 35,12 ± 9,29*** 32,56 ± 8,75*** 33,66 ± 9,87*** 38,25 ± 10,06**†
Σ6 skinfolds (mm) 88,82 ± 34,5 45,85 ± 16,69*** 49,69 ± 14,84*** 56,32 ± 16,65**†† 59,49 ± 17,10**†††
Fat weight (kg) 9,60 ± 3,32 5,94 ± 1,27*** 5,54 ± 1,05*** 6,16 ± 1,45**†† 7,03 ± 1,05***†††■
Muscle weight (kg) 36,60 ± 4,18 31,51 ± 3,72*** 31,96 ± 3,68*** 30,67 ± 4,1*** 36,14 ± 3,33†††■■■
Bone weight (kg) 11,77 ± 2,02 12,26 ± 1,63 12,03 ± 1,27 12,43 ± 2,15 12,83 ± 0,92*††
Fat percentage (%) 12,28 ± 2,87 9,01 ± 1,23*** 8,45 ± 1,03*** 9,39 ± 1,27***†† 9,51 ± 1,03***†††
Muscle percentage (%) 48,21 ± 3,31 48,13 ± 2,01 48,93 ± 1,58 47,32 ± 2,68†† 48,92 ± 1,28■■
Bone percentage (%) 15,37 ± 1,63 18,76 ± 1,87*** 18,5 ± 1,63** 19,19 ± 2,46*** 17,39 ± 0,9***††■■
  1. Anova and post oc Bonferoni test. (*p < 0.05; **p < 0.01; ***p < 0.001) differences between control group vs athletes, aerobic, anaerobic and aerobic-anaerobic groups; († p < 0.05, †† p < 0.01, ††† p < 0.001) differences between aerobic vs anaerobic group and aerobic-anaerobic group; (■ p < 0.05; ■■ p < 0.01; ■■■ p < 0.001) differences between anaerobic vs aerobic-anaerobic group