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Table 2 Select white blood cell differentials between groups over the training intervention

From: Post-exercise branched chain amino acid supplementation does not affect recovery markers following three consecutive high intensity resistance training bouts compared to carbohydrate supplementation

Group Bout WBC (103/μL) Neutrophil Percent Neutrophil Count (103/μL) Lymphocyte Percent Lymphocyte Count (103/μL) Monocyte Percent Monocyte Count (103/μL)
BCAA-CHO T1 6.51 ± 0.35 55.46 ± 2.45 3.64 ± 0.28 34.06 ± 2.41 2.03 ± 0.13 7.18 ± 0.32 0.49 ± 0.04
24 h post bout 1 6.19 ± 0.26 56.77 ± 1.96 3.52 ± 0.21 31.79 ± 1.38 2.04 ± 0.15 7.48 ± 0.33 0.47 ± 0.03
24 h post bout 2 6.43 ± 0.26 58.35 ± 2.51 3.97 ± 0.31 32.11 ± 2.33 1.89 ± 0.19 6.86 ± 0.31 0.44 ± 0.03
48 h post bout 3 (T2) 6.56 ± 0.37 57.26 ± 1.81 3.69 ± 0.29 31.21 ± 1.90 1.98 ± 0.10 7.25 ± 0.24 0.49 ± 0.03
CHO T1 6.44 ± 0.35 55.43 ± 2.59 3.53 ± 0.29 32.61 ± 2.03 2.11 ± 0.12 8.21 ± 0.45 0.57 ± 0.03
24 h post bout 1 5.85 ± 0.32 53.54 ± 2.24 3.20 ± 0.28 32.43 ± 2.35 1.91 ± 0.12 8.75 ± 0.52 0.50 ± 0.03
24 h post bout 2 5.81 ± 0.33 53.18 ± 2.92 3.05 ± 0.28 33.76 ± 2.79 1.90 ± 0.13 9.16 ± 0.40 0.55 ± 0.03
48 h post bout 3 (T2) 6.21 ± 0.32 53.15 ± 2.06 3.34 ± 0.24 30.37 ± 2.14 1.90 ± 0.12 9.15 ± 0.38 ‡† 0.59 ± 0.03
  1. Abbreviations BCAA-CHO branched-chain amino acid and carbohydrate-supplemented group, CHO carbohydrate only-supplemented group
  2. Analysis of monocyte percentages revealed a group*time interaction (p = 0.01) whereby BCAA-CHO supplementation attenuated increases in monocyte percentages 24 h following bout 1 (p = 0.049), 24 h following bout 2 (p < 0.001), and 48 h following bout 3 (or at T2; p < 0.001) compared to CHO supplementation (denoted by bold lettering and superscript ‡ symbol). Moreover, T2 monocyte percentages increased within the CHO group at T2 compared to T1 (denoted by superscript † symbol, p = 0.012)