Skip to main content

Advertisement

Table 1 Effect of mangosteen supplementation on blood biochemical markers

From: Acute Garcinia mangostana (mangosteen) supplementation does not alleviate physical fatigue during exercise: a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, crossover trial

Marker Treatment Time Treatment Time Treatment × Time
Pre-Ex Ex-15 Ex-30 Post-Ex
Ammonia (μmol · L−1) Control 85.3 (20.8) 111.7** (34.2) 120.1** (45.6) 165.4** (51.8) 0.629 0.000 0.918
Supplementation 94.5 (36.5) 115.3** (39.3) 127.8** (46.2) 167.9** (65.6)
Cortisol (μg · dL−1) Control 10.91 (3.32) 7.33** (2.21) 7.23** (2.29) 7.57** (2.46) 0.348 0.000 0.486
Supplementation 12.04 (2.71) 7.45** (1.98) 7.12** (2.33) 7.77** (2.72)
CK (U · L−1) Control 109.2 (53.6) 118.5** (56.1) 121.3** (56.2) 128.9** (61.3) 0.821 0.001 0.273
Supplementation 116.6 (61.5) 124.2** (67.1) 125.3** (66.7) 127.6** (60.2)
AST (U · L−1) Control 23.9 (15.7) 26.3 (15.9) 26.7 (16.6) 29.6** (18.3) 0.279 0.000 0.795
Supplementation 18.7 (4.8) 21.1 (5.3) 20.8 (4.9) 24.5** (8.4)
ALT (U · L−1) Control 17.3 (12.2) 18.3 (13.0) 18.3** (13.0) 19.4** (14.5) 0.095 0.006 0.756
Supplementation 13.1 (7.5) 13.8 (7.9) 14.2** (7.7) 14.9** (9.2)
Glucose (mg · dL−1) Control 88.0 (7.4) 73.4** (11.6) 72.3** (9.3) 81.7 (13.9) 0.250 0.000 0.172
Supplementation 86.3 (7.8) 69.3*,** (10.5) 70.8** (7.8) 83.5 (10.5)
Lactate (mmol · L−1) Control 1.03 (0.25) 3.22** (1.22) 3.20** (1.39) 7.61** (1.65) 0.775 0.000 0.260
Supplementation 1.02 (0.20) 3.01** (1.16) 2.93** (1.22) 8.21** (1.60)
  1. Note: Data are expressed as the mean (±standard deviation). *P < 0.05 indicates significant differences between the treatments (analyzed using the Student's paired t-test). **P < 0.05 indicated significant differences compared to Pre-Ex (analyzed using repeated measures through ANOVA and corrected with Bonferroni's post-hoc multiple comparisons)
  2. Pre-Ex before exercise, 15-Ex 15 min during exercise, 30-Ex 30 min during exercise, Post-Ex immediately after exercise, CK creatine kinase, AST aspartate transaminase, ALT alanine transaminase