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Table 3 Comprehensive metabolic panel

From: The effects of a high protein diet on indices of health and body composition – a crossover trial in resistance-trained men

  Baseline Normal protein High protein Reference range
Glucose mg/dL 83 ± 12 85 ± 14 84 ± 19 65–99
BUN mg/dL 22 ± 5 23 ± 5 23 ± 6 7–25
Creatinine mg/dL 1.1 ± 0.2 1.1 ± 0.1 1.1 ± 0.2 0.60–1.35
eGFR ml/min/1.73 m2 96 ± 20 102 ± 18 101 ± 18 §
BUN/Creatinine ratio 19.4 ± 5.4 21.2 ± 4.5 20.5 ± 2.8 6–22
Sodium mmol/L 139 ± 2 138 ± 2 138 ± 1 135–146
Potassium mmol/L 4.3 ± 0.4 4.2 ± 0.3 4.3 ± 0.2 3.5–5.3
Chloride mmol/L 103 ± 2 102 ± 1 102 ± 3 98–110
Carbon Dioxide mmol/L 27 ± 2 27 ± 4 27 ± 2 19–30
Calcium mg/dl 9.7 ± 0.2 9.6 ± 0.3 9.6 ± 0.3 8.6–10.3
Total Protein g/dL 7.2 ± 0.4 7.2 ± 0.3 7.1 ± 0.4 6.1–8.1
Albumin g/dL 4.7 ± 0.2 4.6 ± 0.2 4.6 ± 0.3 3.6–5.1
Globulin g/dL 2.5 ± 0.3 2.6 ± 0.3 2.6 ± 0.3 1.9–3.7
Albumin/Globulin ratio 1.9 ± 0.2 1.8 ± 0.2 1.8 ± 0.2 1.0–2.5
Total Bilirubin mg/dL 0.7 ± 0.3 0.7 ± 0.2 0.7 ± 0.3 0.2–1.2
Alkaline Phosphatase U/L 65 ± 17 66 ± 20 65 ± 16 40–115
AST U/L 28 ± 9 27 ± 6 27 ± 6 10–40
ALT U/L 29 ± 19 27 ± 9 28 ± 10 9–46
  1. Data are mean ± SD. n = 12. ALT alanine transaminase, AST aspartate transaminase, BUN blood urea nitrogen, eGFR estimated glomerular filtration rate (§ normal values: ≥60 ml/min/1.73 m2). There were no differences between any of the groups