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Table 5 Associations between supplement use and influence-of-others reasons

From: Evaluation of congruence among dietary supplement use and motivation for supplementation in young, Canadian athletes

Supplement Family/Friends/Teammates (21 %) Someone Told You To (35 %)
Multi-vitamin/Multi-mineral (67 %) χ 2 = 1.074
p = 0.300
V = 0.044
χ 2= 15.358
p< 0.001
V = 0.165
Vitamin C (66 %) χ 2 = 0.522
p = 0.470
V = 0.030
χ 2 = 1.273
p = 0.259
V = 0.048
B Vitamins (32 %) χ 2 = 2.480
p = 0.115
V = 0.066
χ 2 = 1.255
p = 0.263
V = 0.047
Vitamin E (26 %) χ 2 = 1.070
p = 0.301
V = 0.044
χ 2 = 2.727
p = 0.099
V = 0.070
Vitamin D (48 %) χ 2 = 0.014
p = 0.904
V = 0.005
χ 2 = 9.449
p = 0.002
V = 0.130
Vitamin-enriched Water (65 %) χ 2 = 2.108
p = 0.147
V = 0.061
χ 2 = 0.195
p = 0.659
V = 0.019
Iron (27 %) χ 2 = 2.982
p = 0.084
V = 0.073
χ 2 = 4.773
p = 0.029
V = 0.092
Calcium (43 %) χ 2 = 6.104
p = 0.013
V = 0.104
χ 2 = 7.059
p = 0.008
V = 0.112
Magnesium (17 %) χ 2 = 3.587
p = 0.058
V = 0.080
χ 2 = 1.846
p = 0.174
V = 0.057
Protein Powder (51 %) χ 2 = 0.005
p = 0.941
V = 0.003
χ 2 = 0.003
p = 0.959
V = 0.002
BCAA (8 %) χ 2 = 0.051
p = 0.821
V = 0.010
χ 2 = 0.031
p = 0.859
V = 0.007
Beta-alanine (4 %) χ 2 = 0.003
p = 0.957
V = 0.002
χ 2 = 0.012
p = 0.914
V = 0.005
Glutamine (8 %) χ 2 = 1.393
p = 0.238
V = 0.050
χ 2 = 0.289
p = 0.591
V = 0.023
Fatty Acids (40 %) χ 2 = 2.852
p = 0.091
V = 0.071
χ 2 = 7.947
p = 0.005
V = 0.119
Energy Drinks (27 %) χ 2 = 3.643
p = 0.056
V = 0.080
χ 2 = 5.330
P = 0.021
V = 0.097
Sport/Electrolyte Drinks (90 %) χ 2 = 5.129
p = 0.024
V = 0.095
χ 2 = 0.165
p = 0.685
V = 0.017
Sport Gels/Gummies (26 %) χ 2 = 6.952
p = 0.008
V = 0.111
χ 2 = 0.882
p = 0.348
V = 0.039
Sport/Protein Bar (71 %) χ 2 = 6.420
p = 0.011
V = 0.107
χ 2 = 3.154
p = 0.076
V = 0.075
Recovery Drinks (31 %) χ 2 = 0.049
p = 0.826
V = 0.009
χ 2 = 0.365
p = 0.546
V = 0.025
Creatine (7 %) χ 2 = 3.489
p = 0.062
V = 0.079
χ 2 = 0.012
p = 0.913
V = 0.005
Plant Extracts (47 %) χ 2 = 0.376
p = 0.540
V = 0.026
χ 2 = 0.412
p = 0.521
V = 0.027
  1. Statistically significant associations at p ≤ 0.001 are in bold. Percentages after the supplement type represent the percent of total athletes consuming the supplements listed. Percentages after the influence-of-others reasons represent the percent of total athletes supplementing for the reasons listed