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Table 10 Markers of Immune-Related Complete Blood Counts

From: Effects of powdered Montmorency tart cherry supplementation on an acute bout of intense lower body strength exercise in resistance trained males

Variable Group Baseline Pre-Lift 60-min Post 24-hr Post 48-hr Post Group Mean p-value (GG) p-value (WSC)
LYMPH (K/uL) P 1.93±0.54 2.21±0.69 1.45±0.43†Ψ 1.86±0.71^Ψ 1.78±0.48^Ψ 1.85±0.20 G=0.311  
TC 2.09±0.86 2.36±1.05 1.49±0.58†Ψ 2.62±1.51†Ψ 2.15±0.78# 2.14±0.21 T<0.001* T q =0.136
Time Mean 2.01±0.15 2.28±0.18 1.47±0.11†Ψ 2.24±0.24 1.97±0.13Ψ   G X T=0.143 G X T L =0.015*
WBC (K/uL) P 5.88±1.23 6.61±2.21^ 6.38±1.45 6.16±1.62^ 5.75±1.61^ 6.16±0.40 G=0.337   
TC 5.54±1.25 7.18±2.03 6.98±2.04 7.40±2.17 6.55±1.23†# 6.73±0.42 T=0.004* T q =0.004*
Time Mean 5.71±0.26 6.90±0.44 6.68±0.37 6.78±0.40 6.15±0.30Ψ   G X T=0.207 G X T L =0.020*
MID (K/uL) P 0.43±0.12 0.64±0.19 0.43±0.14 0.53±0.13 0.48±0.13 0.50±0.03 G=0.866  
TC 0.42±0.10 0.61±0.24 0.38±0.10 0.60±0.19 0.55±0.16 0.51±0.03 T<0.001* T L =0.100§
Time Mean 0.43±0.02 0.63±0.05 0.41±0.03Ψ 0.56±0.03 0.51±0.03†Ψ   G X T=0.324 G X T L =0.062§
GRAN (K/uL) P 3.50±0.97 3.76±1.47 4.51±1.20 3.78±1.33 3.48±1.32 3.80±0.33 G=0.577  
TC 3.04±0.48 4.22±1.77 5.11±2.35 4.17±1.61 3.84±0.98 4.08±0.35 T<0.001* T q =0.002*
Time Mean 3.27±0.16 3.99±0.34 4.81±0.38†Ψ 3.97±0.31 3.66±0.03   G X T=0.332 G X T L =0.119
GM-CSF (pg/mL) P 8.12±8.23 8.18±8.33 7.87±7.38 7.54±7.67 7.39±7.49 7.82±2.71 G=0.512  
TC 10.37±11.40 10.51±10.83 10.52±10.48 10.67±11.19 10.09±10.89 10.43±2.83 T=0.446 T L =0.277
Time Mean 9.24±2.06 9.34±2.00 9.20±1.88 9.10±1.99 8.74±1.93   G X T=0.624 G X T L =0.450
  1. Individual group and time data expressed as means ± SD, while group effects are presented as means ± SEM. Data represents immune cellular response markers at each test session during the 10 day intervention. MANOVA analysis revealed overall Wilks' Lambda time (p<0.001) and group x time (p=0.684). Univariate ANOVA p-levels from MANOVA analysis are presented for each variable. Univariate ANOVA p-levels are listed first by the Greenhouse-Geisser (GG) analysis and then by the within-subjects contrasts (WSC) to demonstrate the potential shape of the time or group x time interaction with significance indicated by the following super/subscripts: * indicates p<0.05 p-level significance, § indicates p<0.10 p-level significance. LSD post hoc analysis is indicated by the following superscripts: ^ represents p<0.05 difference between groups, † represents p<0.05 difference from baseline value, Ψ represents p<0.05 difference from pre-lift, represents p<0.05 difference from 60-min post, # represents p<0.05 difference from 24-hr post
  2. LYMPH lymphocytes, WBC white blood cell, MID mid-range absolute count, GRAN granulocyte absolute count, GM-CSF granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor, G group p-level, T time p-level, G x T interaction, q quadratic p-level, L linear p-level