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Table 5 Dietary Caloric and Macronutrient Intake

From: A buffered form of creatine does not promote greater changes in muscle creatine content, body composition, or training adaptations than creatine monohydrate

Variable Group Day   p-level
   0 7 28   
Calories (kcal/day) KA-L 2,167 ± 900 2,202 ± 653 1,998 ± 444 Group 0.29
  KA-H 2,506 ± 645 2,604 ± 670 2,321 ± 677 Time 0.08
  CrM 2,511 ± 582 2,372 ± 735 2,312 ± 394 G x T 0.81
Protein (g/d) KA-L 126.3 ± 76 126.2 ± 58 112.4 ± 46 Group 0.65
  KA-H 139.4 ± 46 143.2 ± 54 132.5 ± 60 Time 0.05
  CrM 127.8 ± 28 131.2 ± 40 114.1 ± 35 G x T 0.97
Carbohydrate (g/d) KA-L 219.1 ± 73 203.9 ± 79 181.7 ± 53 Group 0.53
  KA-H 221.9 ± 74 216.0 ± 91 206.1 ± 86 Time 0.40
  CrM 231.0 ± 72 226.1 ± 93 242.6 ± 66 G x T 0.38
Fat (g/d) KA-L 78.6 ± 38 84.7 ± 27 71.6 ± 16 Group 0.20
  KA-H 99.2 ± 40 105.7 ± 47 94.5 ± 35 Time 0.19
  CrM 91.3 ± 32 81.3 ± 30 83.0 ± 20 G x T 0.47
Calories KA-L 26.2 ± 10.0 26.6 ± 7.9 24.4 ± 7.2 Group 0.29
(kcal/kg/d) KA-H 31.4 ± 9.5 32.1 ± 10.5 28.3 ± 9.4 Time 0.06
  CrM 31.2 ± 7.5 29.0 ± 8.8 28.4 ± 5.8 G x T 0.73
Protein KA-L 1.50 ± 0.8 1.52 ± 0.7 1.36 ± 0.6 Group 0.58
(g/kg/d) KA-H 1.75 ± 0.7 1.76 ± 0.8 1.61 ± 0.8 Time 0.04
  CrM 1.59 ± 0.4 1.61 ± 46 1.41 ± 0.4 G x T 0.99
Carbohydrate KA-L 2.69 ± 1.0 2.48 ± 0.9 2.21 ± 0.7 Group 0.50
(g/kg/d) KA-H 2.75 ± 0.9 2.65 ± 1.2 2.46 ± 1.0 Time 0.24
  CrM 2.87 ± 0.9 2.76 ± 1.1 2.99 ± 0.9 G x T 0.34
Fat KA-L 0.96 ± 0.4 1.02 ± 0.3 0.87 ± 0.2 Group 0.23
(g/kg/d) KA-H 1.24 ± 0.6 1.31 ± 0.7 1.16 ± 0.5 Time 0.14
  CrM 1.14 ± 0.4 1.0 ± 0.4 1.01 ± 0.3 G x T 0.44
  1. Nutritional records were analyzed on all participants (n = 36 or 12 per group). Values are means ± standard deviations. Absolute and relative nutritional data were analyzed by MANOVA. Greenhouse-Geisser time and group x time (G x T) interaction p-levels are reported with univariate group p-levels.