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Table 3 Mean ± SE values from pre- to post-training for critical velocity (CV), anaerobic running capacity (ARC), maximal oxygen consumption (VO2max), percent body fat (%BF), fat mass (FM) and lean body mass (LBM) for GT and PL.

From: The effects of a pre-workout supplement containing caffeine, creatine, and amino acids during three weeks of high-intensity exercise on aerobic and anaerobic performance

  CV (km/hr) ARC (km) VO2max (l·min-1) VO2max (ml·kg·min)
  Pre Post Pre Post Pre Post Pre Post
GT (n = 13) 12.4 ± 0.8 12.8 ± 0.8 0.2 ± 0.01 0.2 ± 0.02 3.1 ± 0.3 3.65 ± 0.2* 47.9 ± 3.4 56.2 ± 2.7*
PL (n = 11) 10.7 ± 0.5 10.9 ± 0.6 0.2 ± 0.03 0.3 ± 0.04 3.1 ± 0.2 3.2 ± 0.3* 56.5 ± 2.1 45.3 ± 2.3*
  %BF FM (kg) LBM (kg)   
  Pre Post Pre Post Pre Post   
GT (n = 13) 18.9 ± 2.5 17.7 ± 2.1 12.7 ± 1.9 12.0 ± 1.7 54.2 ± 3.5 55.4 ± 3.7   
PL (n = 11) 19.1 ± 1.8 17.1 ± 1.9 12.4 ± 1.1 10.6 ± 1.1 53 ± 2.7 52.4 ± 3.2   
  1. *indicates a significant difference over time (p < 0.05).