Effects of sub-chronic branched chain amino acid supplementation on markers of muscle damage and performance variables following 1 week of rigorous weight training
© Mumford et al. 2015
Published: 21 September 2015
We investigated the efficacy of supplementing a branched chain amino acid (BCAA- 3g/d L-Leucine, 1g/d L-Isoleucine and 2g/d L-Valine) supplement compared to a carbohydrate (CHO) control drink in terms of attenuating markers of muscle damage in addition to preserving performance markers following 3 days of intense weight training.
Apparently healthy resistance trained males (n = 30) were randomized to either a BCAA group or the CHO control group. Participants performed preliminary testing (T1) to derive peak quadriceps isometric torque, peak quadriceps isokinetic torque (60º and 120º per second), and a 1RM barbell back squat. The following week, the participants performed 10x5 repetitions at 80% of their 1RM barbell back squat for 3 consecutive days. During this experimental intervention antecubital blood was drawn to assess serum myoglobin concentrations, in addition a visual analog scale was utilized in order to measure subjective perceptions of muscular soreness. 48 hours following the third bout of exercise, participants performed post testing (T2) like T1 testing and donated a final blood draw.
The BCAA group maintained 95% of their peak isometric torque compared to 86% for the CHO group (p = 0.12). Regarding isokinetic measures at T2, there was a 92% and 88% maintenance for the BCAA and CHO group, respectively (p = 0.39), compared to their respective T1 values. T2 performance at 120º/s was maintained by 93% and 96% of T1 measurements for the BCAA and CHO group, respectively (p = 0.40). The BCAA group actually enhanced squat 1RM by 1%, whereas the CHO group experienced a 3% decrement; however, this difference failed to reach significance (p = 0.92). Serum myoglobin concentrations increased as a function of time, and there was no difference between groups (p = 0.31). Lastly, perceptions of muscular soreness were also not differentially altered between groups (p = 0.09).
In conclusion, while a BCAA supplement did not appear to enhance recovery benefits compared to a CHO control, a few areas of performance were bolstered to a point of practical importance regarding high level competition.
This article is published under license to BioMed Central Ltd. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. The Creative Commons Public Domain Dedication waiver (http://creativecommons.org/publicdomain/zero/1.0/) applies to the data made available in this article, unless otherwise stated.