Plasma glucose concentration for carbohydrate (CHO) and carbohydrate and whey protein isolates (CHO + WPI) trials. The exercise trial day consisted of 60 min cycling at 70% VO2 max, with blood samples taken at rest and every 20 min (rest, 20, 40, 60). This was followed by time to fatigue at 90% VO2 max and blood was taken on completion of this effort (0). The 6 h recovery consisted of blood taken regularly for the first h (10, 20, 30, 40, 60) and every 60 min after that (120, 180, 240, 300, 360). Both CHO and CHO + WPI trials were significantly increased on completion of cycling at 90% VO2max and remained elevated compared to rest until 40 min during recovery in the CHO + WPI trial (# P < 0.05). Whilst the CHO group remained elevated compared to rest until 60 min during recovery (* P < 0.05). Values are means ± SEM (n = 6).