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Table 7 Changes in urinary homocysteine thiolactone (nmol/mL) for Placebo (n = 12) and Betaine (n = 11) between baseline and three time intervals

From: Effects of betaine on body composition, performance, and homocysteine thiolactone

  Concentration ∆ From baseline P
  Baseline   
Betaine .037 ± .024* NA NA
Placebo .019 ± .018 NA NA
  Week 2   
Betaine .038 ± .02 .001 ± .02 .95
Placebo .049 ± .03 .029 ± .01 .01
  Week 4   
Betaine .039 ± .01 .002 ± .01 .74
Placebo .048 ± .02 .029 ± .01 .01
  Week 6   
Betaine .027 ± .03 -.024 ± .03 .29
Placebo .026 ± .02 .011 ± .03 .48
  1. * Not significantly different than placebo at baseline: p = .06.