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Table 5 Changes in body composition for placebo (n = 12) and betaine (n = 11) for pre- and post-treatment

From: Effects of betaine on body composition, performance, and homocysteine thiolactone

  Pre Post P
Body Fat (%)
Betaine 17.5 ± 8.3 14.3 ± 5.7 −3.2 ± 2.5 .01
Placebo 16.4 ± 8.1 16.6 ± 8.2 0.2 ± 2.7 .82
Lean Body Mass (kg)
Betaine 69.5 ± 8.8 71.2 ± 7.9 2.4 ± 2.6 .01
Placebo 74.2 ± 9.1 74.5 ± 9.4 0.3 ± 2.6 .68
Fat Mass (kg)
Betaine 15.0 ± 7.9 12.1 ± 5.4 −2.9 ± 2.0 .01
Placebo 14.8 ± 8.0 15.1 ± 8.5 0.3 ± 2.3 .68