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Table 4 Male sample characteristics (N = 814)

From: Edema-like symptoms are common in ultra-distance cyclists and driven by overdrinking, use of analgesics and female sex – a study of 919 athletes

Symptom N % of total sample Mean (SD) day of onset Mean (SD) severity [1–6 point scale]
Swelling symptoms (overall) 416 51.1% 3.21 (1.57) 2.33 (1.15)
Facial swelling 135 16.6% 3.26 (1.61) 2.15 (1.53)
Eyelid swelling 138 16.9% 3.24 (1.69) 2.15 (1.51)
Swelling of toes/feet 304 37.3% 3.05 (1.57) 2.58 (1.44)
Swelling of fingers/hands 224 27.5% 3.21 (1.62) 2.46 (1.48)
Swelling of extremities (arms/legs) 160 19.7% 3.59 (1.83) 2.32 (1.58)
Urine related symptoms (overall) 451 55.4% 2.23 (1.47) 1.05 (0.99)
Reduced urine output 336 41.2% 2.01 (1.40) 2.47 (1.47)
Increased urine output 89 10.9% 2.50 (1.81) 1.71 (1.18)
Concentrated/darker urine 333 40.9% 2.19 (1.47) 2.59 (1.55)
Less concentrated/lighter urine 74 9.1% 2.64 (1.94) 1.43 (0.89)
Bubbly or foamy urine 47 5.8% 2.95 (1.87) 2.05 (1.65)
  1. Abbreviations: SD standard deviation