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Table 3 Female sample characteristics (N = 102)

From: Edema-like symptoms are common in ultra-distance cyclists and driven by overdrinking, use of analgesics and female sex – a study of 919 athletes

Symptom N % of total sample Mean (SD) day of onset Mean (SD) severity [1–6 point scale]
Swelling symptoms (overall) 80 78.4% 2.76 (1.39) 2.67 (1.14)
Facial swelling 47 46.0% 3.11 (1.54) 2.50 (1.47)
Eyelid swelling 43 42.1% 2.88 (1.49) 2.63 (1.66)
Swelling of toes/feet 59 57.8% 2.56 (1.46) 2.66 (1.30)
Swelling of fingers/hands 56 54.9% 2.87 (1.83) 2.73 (1.40)
Swelling of extremities (arms/legs) 41 40.2% 3.12 (1.72) 2.81 (1.66)
Urine related symptoms (overall) 72 70.6% 2.17 (1.10) 2.43 (1.28)
Reduced urine output 62 60.8% 1.96 (1.25) 2.88 (1.66)
Increased urine output 16 15.6% 3.07 (1.77) 2.06 (1.46)
Concentrated/darker urine 50 49.0% 1.98 (1.02) 2.84 (1.67)
Less concentrated/lighter urine 14 13.7% 2.85 (1.82) 1.71 (1.06)
Bubbly or foamy urine 6 5.9% 2.67 (1.51) 2.69 (1.98)
  1. Abbreviations: SD standard deviation