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Table 2 Metabolites varying significantly between the beetroot and placebo cohorts, according to RM ANOVA and day-specific pairwise comparisons

From: Beetroot juice — a suitable post-marathon metabolic recovery supplement?

Metabolite
(PubChem ID)
P0 Placebo vs P0 Beetroot juice P1 Placebo vs P1 Beetroot juice P2 Placebo vs P2 Beetroot juice P3 Placebo vs P3 Beetroot juice
BH
p-value
Cohen’s d-value BH
p-value
Cohen’s d-value BH
p-value
Cohen’s d-value BH
p-value
Cohen’s d-value
α-Oleoylglycerol (5319879) b 0.89 0.65 0.92 0.31 1.00 0.13 0.89 0.19
β-Hydroxydecenedioate (121232666) b 0.92 0.33 0.97 0.05 1.00 0.37 0.56 0.44
β-Hydroxyphenylacetate (12122) a 0.97 0.22 0.92 0.60 1.00 0.34 0.27 0.85
β-Hydroxyvalerate (107802) a 0.92 0.33 0.92 0.54 1.00 0.58 0.31 0.64
p-Hydroxyphenylacetate (127) a 0.89 0.61 0.92 0.31 1.00 0.65 0.30 0.70
Arabitol (43925) a,b,* 0.89 0.45 0.96 0.12 0.03 1.40 2.1 × 10−3 1.73
Eicosanoate (10467) a 0.89 0.58 0.92 0.46 1.00 0.36 0.50 0.56
Glycerol (753) b 0.97 0.13 0.92 0.57 1.00 0.24 0.99 0.02
Hippurate (464) a 0.89 0.59 0.92 0.39 1.00 0.19 0.27 0.86
Mannitol (6251) a 0.99 0.11 0.92 0.37 1.00 0.55 0.37 0.59
Nonanoate (8158) a,* 0.89 0.71 0.92 0.84 0.57 1.02 2.6 × 10−3 1.63
Oxalate (971) a 0.89 0.40 0.92 0.79 1.00 0.49 0.92 0.12
Rhamnose (25310) 0.89 0.63 0.92 0.46 1.00 0.65 0.88 0.22
Threonate (21145021) a,b 0.88 0.61 0.89 1.03 1.00 0.30 0.52 0.58
Undecanoate (8180) a,* 0.40 1.24 0.92 1.07 1.00 0.35 0.04 1.38
Xylose (135191) a,b,* 0.89 0.56 0.92 0.29 0.21 1.04 0.53 0.46
  1. Intervention (a), interaction (b) effects, and day-specific significance (*) are indicated in the first column, while day-specific p- and d-value significance are indicated in bold