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Table 3 Characteristics of the study sample according to sport specialty

From: Resting energy expenditure in elite athletes: development of new predictive equations based on anthropometric variables and bioelectrical impedance analysis derived phase angle

  Cycling Water polo Masters
swimming
Karate Ballet Dance Boxing Running
(n = 22) (n = 16) (n = 24) (n = 17) (n = 15) (n = 11) (n = 21)
Age
(yrs)
27.0 ± 2.7cdef 24.2 ± 6.6c 40.4 ± 4.5abdefg 18.8 ± 2.7aceg 19.1 ± 1.1acg 20.7 ± 2.7aeg 29.0 ± 9.9cdf
Weight
(kg)
69.2 ± 5.2bcg 88.8 ± 4.9acdefg 76.6 ± 10.0abdeg 69.5 ± 10.4bcg 64.1 ± 5.2bc 70.0 ± 5.2bg 61.1 ± 6.3abcdg
Stature
(cm)
181 ± 6defg 185 ± 3cdefg 176 ± 5bf 176 ± 7ab 175 ± 4ab 169 ± 5abc 172 ± 5ab
BMI
(kg/m2)
21.2 ± 1.3bcf 25.9 ± 1.8adeg 24.6 ± 2.8adeg 22.5 ± 2.7bcg 20.9 ± 0.9bcf 24.7 ± 0.6aeg 20.6 ± 1.2bcdf
MREE
(kcal/die)
1866 ± 142beg 2195 ± 244acdefg 1766 ± 188bde 1928 ± 207bceg 1567 ± 107abcdf 1946 ± 127beg 1641 ± 120abdf
RQ 0.785 ± 0.031beg 0.865 ± 0.046a 0.815 ± 0.081 0.804 ± 0.049g 0.850 ± 0.049a 0.807 ± 0.082 0.870 ± 0.070ad
BI-index
(cm2/Ω)
65.4 ± 8.0bg 78.8 ± 8.3acdefg 67.6 ± 7.7bg 64.0 ± 8.7bg 67.7 ± 6.3bg 65.9 ± 5.7bg 55.2 ± 5.0abcdef
PhA
(degrees)
8.31 ± 0.79cdg 8.11 ± 0.49c 6.96 ± 0.54abdefg 7.59 ± 0.60acf 7.75 ± 0.53cf 8.57 ± 0.65cdeg 7.60 ± 0.38acf
  1. Data are expressed as mean ± standard deviation.
  2. BMI body mass index, MREE measured resting energy expenditure, RQ respiratory quotient, BI-index bioimpedance index, PhA phase angle.
  3. acycling; b water polo; c master swimming; d karate; e ballet dance; f boxing; g running
  4. p < 0.05