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Table 4 The impact of chokeberry supplementation on selected parameters of inflammation and iron management

From: Effects of antioxidant supplementation on oxidative stress balance in young footballers- a randomized double-blind trial

Parameters Supplemented group Placebo group p-value interaction intervention * effects of physical exercise test * group
before supplementation Mean (SD) after supplementation Mean (SD) before supplementation Mean (SD) after supplementation Mean (SD)
Albumin [μg/ml]
Before 4.55 (1.1) 3.55 (0.7) 4.65 (0.9) 4.02 (1.0) 0.23
After 4.85 (0.6) 3.79 (0.6) 5.34 (1.7) 3.69 (0.6)
3 h after 4.46 (0.8) 3.31 (0.5) 5.57 (1.8) 3.63 (0.8)
24 h after 4.33 (1.2) 3.73 (0.9) 5.15 (1.8) 3.23 (0.4)
Myoglobin [ng/ml]
Before 15.23 (7.5) 14.11 (4.3) 19.35 (15.6) 17.64 (8.9) 0.91
After 17.50 (5.8) 17.77 (6.9) 21.21 (17.9) 22.82 (11.0)
3 h after 19.17 (8.3) 14.98 (6.1) 24.16 (14.7) 24.18 (12.3)
24 h after 28.85 (13.6) 17.60 (13.9) 28.25 (16.4) 16.30 (7.5)
IL-6 [pg/ml]
Before 47.44 (13.1) 48.42 (18.8) 42.80 (7.0) 44.51 (4.2) 0.99
After 49.97 (12.7) 54.25 (24.5) 43.83 (2.3) 49.11 (4.8)
3 h after 51.35 (23.1) 47.47 (10.4) 45.75 (11.9) 45.33 (4.0)
24 h after 46.84 (13.7) 46.98 (10.8) 43.97 (5.0) 45.18 (3.9)
Hepcidin [ng/ml]
Before 6.99 (3.5) 9.31 (12.9) 7.34 (8.6) 4.74 (1.6) 0.75
After 7.24 (4.3) 11.29 (16.5) 7.55 (8.8) 4.53 (2.2)
3 h after 7.56 (4.9) 12.42 (15.4) 8.96 (9.1) 7.04 (4.1)
24 h after 8.27 (5.6) 8.69 (11.5) 4.39 (2.8) 4.05 (1.4)
Ferritin [ng/ml]
Before 12.11 (7.2) 13.08 (8.6) 10.09 (4.8) 11.55 (4.3) 0.85
After 12.46 (8.3) 14.84 (9.5) 11.14 (5.7) 13.12 (5.9)
3 h after 11.17 (6.2) 12.76 (8.8) 10.72 (6.0) 10.68 (4.3)
24 h after 11.79 (7.2) 13.14 (9.3) 10.78 (5.4) 11.04 (6.8)
Iron [μg/ml]
Before 97.12 (19.8) 104.67 (43.3) 114.74 (32.5) 120.19 (23.8) 0.13
3 h after 78.35 (20.1) 81.37 (35.2) 88.71 (24.4) 125 (16.7)  
  1. (SD) standard deviation, μg/ml micrograms/millilitre, ng/ml nanograms/millilitre, pg/ml picograms/millilitre, before before the test, after after the test, 3 h after 3 h after the test, 24 h after 24 h after the test