Skip to main content

Table 6 Energy Status Baseline to 16-week Change

From: The role of age in the physiological adaptations and psychological responses in bikini-physique competitor contest preparation: a case series

Energy Status Recommended Range Baseline Pre-Contest (Week 16) Δ Change Δ% Change
Bikini Competitor Contest Preparation
Energy Intake (kcal∙kgLBM-1∙d-1) 30–45 kcal∙kgLBM-1∙d-1 39.69 43.95 4.26 5.09
Carbohydrate Intake (g∙kg-1∙d-1)a 2–5 (g∙kg-1∙d-1) 3.35 3.51 0.16 2.33
Lipid Intake (% of Total kcal∙d-1) > 20% Total kcal∙d-1 41 24.1 −0.17 −25.96
Protein Intake (g∙kg-1∙d-1) 1.2–2.0 g∙kg-1∙d-1 2.85 3.33 0.48 7.77
Measured RMR (kcal∙d-1) 1520 1530 10.00 0.33
Cunningham Estimated RMR (kcal∙d-1) 1427.08 1430.62 3.54 0.12
RMRMeas/RMRCalc % 90–110% 106.51 106.95 0.44 0.20
Measured RMR (kcal∙kgLBM-1∙d1) 38.82 39.29 0.47 0.60
Masters Bikini Competitor Contest Preparation
Energy Intake (kcal∙kgLBM-1∙d-1) 30–45 kcal∙kgLBM-1∙d-1 31.26 26.04 −5.22 −9.11
Carbohydrate Intake (g∙kg-1∙d-1)a 2–5 (g∙kg-1∙d-1) 1.47 0.87 −0.60 −25.64
Lipid Intake (% of Total kcal∙d-1) > 20% Total kcal∙d-1 30.9 29.9 −0.01 −1.64
Protein Intake (g∙kg-1∙d-1) 1.2–2.0 g∙kg-1∙d-1 2.79 2.8 0.01 0.18
Measured RMR (kcal∙d-1) 1401 1462 61.00 2.13
Cunningham Estimated RMR (kcal∙d-1) 1407 1385 −22.00 −0.79
RMRMeas/RMRCalc % 90–110% 99.57 105.56 0.06 2.92
Measured RMR (kcal∙kgLBM-1∙d-1) 34.66 38.23 3.57 4.90
  1. Lean body mass (LBM); Resting metabolic rate (RMR); Measured (Meas); Calculated (Calc)
  2. aCarbohydrate intake recommendations for physique athletes Roberts et al., [14]