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Table 3 Association of performing an exercise with each dyslipidemia index

From: A large-scale observational study linking various kinds of physical exercise to lipoprotein-lipid profile

  TG (mg/dL) LDL-C (mg/dL) HDL-C (mg/dL) TG/HDL-C
  No. of subjects % of males Age (years), mean Age (years), s.d. \( {\hat{\beta}}_{E_{j,1}} \) P-value \( {\hat{\beta}}_{E_{j,2}} \) P-value \( {\hat{\beta}}_{E_{j,3}} \) P-value \( {\hat{\beta}}_{E_{j,4}} \) P-value
Walking 3852 (10,185) 46.8 (29.6) 55.8 (56.7) 9.4 (8.4) −2.05 (− 0.78) 1.8E-01 (4.4E-01) − 0.67 (− 0.84) 2.4E-01 (1.6E-02) −0.07 (− 0.26) 7.2E-01 (4.5E-02) − 0.07 (0.00) 1.2E-01 (1.0E+ 00)
Exercise walking 2152 (6251) 51.8 (31.9) 54.7 (55.1) 9.5 (9.0) −3.28 (− 2.25) 9.1E-02 (6.7E-02) − 2.26 (− 0.95) 1.6E-03 (2.6E-02) − 0.36 (0.60) 1.7E-01 (1.9E-04) − 0.08 (− 0.05) 2.0E-01 (1.7E-01)
Jogging 1700 (3223) 80.1 (61.5) 45.0 (46.1) 10.2 (10.5) −10.20 (− 10.58) 3.6E-06 (4.4E-10) − 0.30 (− 1.49) 7.1E-01 (1.1E-02) 2.72 (2.51) 2.5E-20 (6.4E-30) −0.36 (− 0.35) 1.6E-07 (3.1E-10)
Cycling 1445 (2620) 68.7 (49.4) 51.2 (52.3) 10.6 (10.5) −3.29 (−4.69) 1.5E-01 (1.0E-02) −2.88 (− 2.11) 7.4E-04 (7.8E-04) 1.17 (1.14) 1.7E-04 (1.6E-06) −0.12 (− 0.15) 8.5E-02 (1.1E-02)
Mountain climbing 944 (2426) 58.6 (40.0) 55.6 (56.3) 8.4 (7.8) −6.70 (−4.94) 1.8E-02 (8.9E-03) −2.16 (0.29) 3.9E-02 (6.5E-01) 0.59 (0.46) 1.2E-01 (6.2E-02) −0.19 (− 0.14) 3.2E-02 (1.8E-02)
Stretching exercise 852 (2277) 33.9 (17.6) 58.3 (58.6) 8.6 (7.6) −5.84 (1.21) 5.0E-02 (5.3E-01) −0.65 (− 0.73) 5.6E-01 (2.8E-01) 0.75 (− 0.06) 5.8E-02 (8.1E-01) − 0.17 (0.06) 7.1E-02 (3.3E-01)
Yoga 607 (2026) 10.5 (5.6) 51.2 (52.4) 10.4 (9.1) −3.00 (−3.75) 4.0E-01 (7.2E-02) 0.90 (0.04) 4.9E-01 (9.5E-01) 1.46 (1.03) 2.1E-03 (1.5E-04) −0.10 (− 0.09) 3.5E-01 (2.0E-01)
International standard dancing 672 (1888) 14.0 (6.4) 57.2 (57.8) 7.9 (6.3) 0.48 (−2.39) 8.9E-01 (2.6E-01) 3.24 (1.54) 8.5E-03 (3.6E-02) 1.87 (1.58) 2.8E-05 (1.1E-08) −0.04 (− 0.08) 7.1E-01 (2.2E-01)
Dance dance revolution 598 (1816) 9.7 (5.7) 50.0 (50.9) 11.0 (9.8) −2.22 (−4.95) 5.3E-01 (2.4E-02) 1.42 (0.24) 2.8E-01 (7.5E-01) 2.43 (1.90) 3.0E-07 (2.6E-11) −0.08 (− 0.15) 4.7E-01 (3.5E-02)
Others 481 (1563) 41.4 (21.2) 53.0 (53.9) 12.1 (10.5) −0.82 (−2.88) 8.3E-01 (2.1E-01) −1.13 (− 0.02) 4.3E-01 (9.8E-01) − 0.28 (1.06) 5.9E-01 (4.5E-04) 0.02 (− 0.10) 8.4E-01 (1.8E-01)
Qigong 545 (1589) 36.0 (22.3) 58.7 (59.8) 7.7 (6.5) −3.63 (−4.43) 3.2E-01 (5.5E-02) −1.88 (−2.71) 1.7E-01 (6.8E-04) 0.47 (0.44) 3.3E-01 (1.5E-01) −0.13 (− 0.10) 2.5E-01 (2.0E-01)
Swimming 742 (1287) 67.0 (46.5) 52.2 (54.2) 11.0 (10.4) −7.95 (−5.85) 1.2E-02 (2.2E-02) −2.83 (1.14) 1.6E-02 (2.0E-01) 2.48 (1.85) 5.0E-09 (2.6E-08) −0.24 (− 0.20) 1.3E-02 (1.7E-02)
Tai Chi 630 (1286) 52.5 (32.8) 57.0 (58.7) 8.9 (6.7) −4.13 (−4.38) 2.3E-01 (8.7E-02) −3.86 (−0.89) 2.3E-03 (3.1E-01) 0.29 (0.19) 5.3E-01 (5.7E-01) −0.11 (− 0.08) 3.0E-01 (3.6E-01)
Weight training 383 (953) 76.2 (54.2) 43.2 (43.8) 10.9 (11.0) 0.54 (−9.44) 9.0E-01 (1.7E-03) 0.99 (1.65) 5.4E-01 (1.1E-01) 1.49 (1.56) 1.2E-02 (6.7E-05) 0.03 (−0.31) 8.4E-01 (1.2E-03)
Badminton 292 (561) 79.5 (52.0) 46.3 (47.7) 10.0 (10.8) −5.39 (−0.15) 2.8E-01 (9.7E-01) 0.96 (0.06) 6.0E-01 (9.7E-01) 2.20 (2.08) 9.7E-04 (3.1E-05) −0.22 (− 0.06) 1.5E-01 (6.4E-01)
Table tennis 262 (488) 78.2 (64.5) 54.3 (56.8) 10.6 (8.3) −8.66 (−9.32) 1.0E-01 (2.3E-02) 0.71 (−1.95) 7.2E-01 (1.7E-01) 1.18 (1.82) 9.4E-02 (6.9E-04) −0.24 (−0.28) 1.4E-01 (3.6E-02)
Basketball 191 (296) 96.9 (93.9) 41.0 (42.2) 9.8 (10.1) −0.28 (6.59) 9.6E-01 (2.1E-01) −1.30 (− 1.35) 5.7E-01 (4.6E-01) 0.40 (0.97) 6.3E-01 (1.6E-01) 0.01 (0.11) 9.6E-01 (5.1E-01)
Swing hands exercise 146 (329) 50.0 (28.3) 56.9 (58.2) 8.6 (7.6) −1.62 (−5.63) 8.2E-01 (2.6E-01) −2.48 (−1.48) 3.4E-01 (3.9E-01) −1.50 (−0.25) 1.1E-01 (7.0E-01) −0.01 (− 0.15) 9.6E-01 (3.6E-01)
Tennis 153 (267) 81.0 (78.3) 54.2 (55.9) 10.1 (9.3) −13.74 (− 19.04) 4.6E-02 (5.9E-04) − 1.07 (5.25) 6.7E-01 (6.1E-03) 3.24 (2.51) 4.1E-04 (5.0E-04) −0.52 (− 0.58) 1.6E-02 (1.1E-03)
Yuan-ji dance 125 (289) 8.8 (4.2) 61.2 (61.3) 6.0 (5.5) 2.47 (−5.63) 7.4E-01 (2.9E-01) −1.45 (−2.28) 6.0E-01 (2.2E-01) −0.95 (0.60) 3.5E-01 (3.9E-01) 0.07 (−0.15) 7.7E-01 (3.8E-01)
Other ball exercise 76 (198) 76.3 (59.1) 47.1 (52.6) 12.4 (11.1) −13.28 (−3.83) 1.7E-01 (5.5E-01) 2.24 (2.10) 5.3E-01 (3.4E-01) 2.72 (1.02) 3.6E-02 (2.2E-01) −0.53 (−0.13) 7.7E-02 (5.2E-01)
Golf 111 (154) 85.6 (87.7) 54.0 (57.2) 9.2 (8.7) −2.91 (−10.58) 7.2E-01 (1.5E-01) 3.47 (0.17) 2.4E-01 (9.5E-01) 0.49 (−0.16) 6.5E-01 (8.7E-01) 0.05 (−0.24) 8.5E-01 (3.0E-01)
Wai-tan kung 85 (162) 43.5 (24.1) 60.8 (61.1) 6.9 (5.5) −3.61 (−5.52) 6.9E-01 (4.4E-01) −7.05 (−2.92) 3.7E-02 (2.3E-01) −1.19 (−1.26) 3.3E-01 (1.7E-01) 0.01 (−0.14) 9.6E-01 (5.3E-01)
  1. Data are given for the discovery cohort (replication cohort). An association with p < 0.0004 = 0.05/(30 × 4) in both the discovery cohort and the replication cohort was highlighted in green