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Table 2 Associations of 6 covariates with each dyslipidemia index

From: A large-scale observational study linking various kinds of physical exercise to lipoprotein-lipid profile

  TG (mg/dL) LDL-C (mg/dL) HDL-C (mg/dL) TG/HDL-C
Explanatory variables in model (1) \( \hat{\boldsymbol{\beta}} \) P-value \( \hat{\boldsymbol{\beta}} \) P-value \( \hat{\boldsymbol{\beta}} \) P-value \( \hat{\boldsymbol{\beta}} \) P-value
Sex (1: female vs. 0: male) −18.5 (− 19.1) 2.8E-56 (1.6E-107) − 1.1 (1.7) 0.008 (3.0E-8) 8.2 (8.3) 0 (0) −0.77 (− 0.82) 2.6E-99 (1.6E-190)
Age (in years, continuous variable) 0.5 (0.7) 1.6E-23 (1.2E-69) 0.3 (0.4) 7.7E-66 (2.4E-212) 0.01 (0.01) 0.13 (0.04) 0.01 (0.01) 3.5E-9 (4.1E-20)
Body mass index (in kg/m2, continuous variable) 6.3 (5.9) 0 (0) 1.3 (1.2) 6.2E-140 (5.5E-276) −1.1 (−1.2) 0 (0) 0.19 (0.17) 0 (0)
Drinking status (1: yes vs. 0: no) 19.3 (23.6) 9.7E-21 (8.2E-48) −7.0 (−5.8) 2.6E-20 (4.3E-25) 4.0 (4.4) 6.2E-48 (2.6E-95) 0.26 (0.36) 4.9E-5 (1.2E-11)
Smoking status (1: yes vs. 0: no) 25.7 (31.4) 5.5E-52 (2.0E-119) 2.2 (2.0) 0.0004 (2.2E-5) −2.9 (−3.1) 4.7E-38 (7.6E-68) 0.83 (1.05) 8.5E-57 (4.1E-127)
Educational attainment (a value ranging from 1 to 7) −2.7 (−1.6) 3.5E-6 (2.7E-5) 0.4 (0.5) 0.05 (5.0E-5) 0.2 (0.1) 0.02 (0.01) −0.07 (− 0.05) 9.0E-5 (1.7E-4)
R-square of model (1) 12.8% (10.9%) 4.2% (3.8%) 26.5% (24.2%) 12.9% (10.0%)
  1. Data are given for the discovery cohort (replication cohort)