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Table 2 Eating behavior and physical activities before and during the Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic (N = 724)

From: Change in eating habits and physical activities before and during the COVID-19 pandemic in Hong Kong: a cross‐sectional study via random telephone survey

  Before COVID-19 During COVID-19 Difference (95 % CI) p-value
Dining out (meals/week) 2.38 ± 2.41 1.12 ± 2.06 -1.26 (-1.38, -1.14) < 0.001
Ordering take-away (meals/week) 0.54 ± 1.36 1.02 ± 1.85 0.48 (0.39, 0.58) < 0.001
Cooking at home (meals/week) a 9.53 ± 5.30 10.59 ± 5.36 1.06 (0.89, 1.23) < 0.001
Consuming sugary drinks (times/week) 3.54 ± 2.98 3.57 ± 2.99 0.03 (0.00, 0.06) 0.037
Consuming fast food (times/week) 0.40 ± 0.98 0.40 ± 1.08 0.00 (-0.04, 0.03) 0.940
Eating fruits (times/week) 8.50 ± 4.44 8.64 ± 4.42 0.14 (0.07, 0.21) < 0.001
Eating vegetables (times/week) 9.96 ± 4.22 10.03 ± 4.24 0.07 (0.02, 0.12) 0.008
Going out for work (days/week) 1.3 ± 2.3 1.2 ± 2.1 -0.2 (-0.2, -0.1) < 0.001
Sitting or lying (minutes/week) 1410.0 ± 851.5 1897.8 ± 973.7 487.9 (442.3, 533.5) < 0.001
High-intensive sports (minutes/week) a, b 155.4 ± 377.0 102.2 ± 309.3 -53.0 (-72.5, -33.6) < 0.001
Moderate-intensive sports (minutes/week) b 137.6 ± 283.3 108.5 ± 240.1 -29.2 (-41.9, -16.4) < 0.001
Walking (minutes/week) 328.1 ± 312.5 236.4 ± 242.6 -91.7 (-110.8, -72.5) < 0.001
  1. CI Confidence interval. Statistics are expressed as mean ± standard deviation. p-value was obtained by a paired t-test for a comparison of frequency of eating behaviour and physical activities before and during the COVID-19 epidemic
  2. a One subjects refused to answer the habit of cook at home and two subjects refused to answer the habit of high-intensive sports
  3. b The definition of high and moderate intensive sports followed the WHO’s Guidelines on Physical Activity and Sedentary Behaviour