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Table 1 Anthropometric characteristics of participants before and after 6 weeks of training supported (SUP group) or not supported (CON) Vitamin C supplementation

From: Effect of six weeks 1000 mg/day vitamin C supplementation and healthy training in elderly women on genes expression associated with the immune response - a randomized controlled trial

Parameter Group I II p
I vs. II
ANOVA
2-way
dCohen I dCohen II
VO2 max. [ml/kg/min] SUP 21.4 ± 3.6 22.1 ± 3.4 0.2 row factor* 0.23 0.03
CON 22.2 ± 3.5 22.00 ± 3.5 0.3
p1 (SU PI vs CON I) = 0.3; p2(SUP II vs CON II) = 0.4  
 Body mass
[kg]
SUP 68.1 ± 8.3 67.0 ± 7.9 0.30 row factor, time* 0.05 0.42
CON 67.7 ± 7.5 63.8 ± 7.5*# 0.01
p1 (SUP I vs CON I) = 0.30; p2 (SUP II vs CON II) = 0.02  
 Muscle mass [kg] SUP 22.4 ± 2.3 23.3 ± 2.6# 0.79 row factor* 0.25 0.11
CON 23.0 ± 2.5 23.6 ± 2.7 0.33
p1 (SUP I vs CON I) = 0.01; p2(SUP II vs CON II) = 0.36  
 Fat mass [kg] SUP 26.6 ± 7.1 24.2 ± 7.2 0.09 row factor, time* 0.44 0.46
CON 23.4 ± 7.5# 20.8 ± 7.6*# 0.02
p1 (SUP I vs CON I) = 0.04; p2 (SUP II vs CON II) = 0.02
  1. *Significant differences (p ≤ 0.05) between I and II within the groups
  2. #Significant differences (p ≤ 0.05) between groups