Skip to main content

Table 3 Capillary blood analysis after acute Placebo or Chicken Broth (CB) supplementation at 5 time points

From: Ergogenic effect of pre-exercise chicken broth ingestion on a high-intensity cycling time-trial

Capillary blood analysis
Supplementation (S) Placebo CB p-values  
Time (T) fasted pre-exercise post-exercise 5 min rec 10 min rec fasted pre-exercise post-exercise 5 min rec 10 min rec T S TxS
Lactate (mmol/L) 1.19 (0.47) 2.05 (0.78)* 15.74 (3.91)* 13.81 (2.21)* 11.98 (1.98)* 1.17 (0.56) 2.15 (0.63)* 16.01 (2.53)* 13.84 (3.00)* 11.85 (3.14)* <  0.001 0.837 0.994
pH 7.41 (0.020) 7.39 (0.019) 7.18 (0.056)* 7.20 (0.056)* 7.25 (0.046)* 7.41 (0.014) 7.39 (0.022) 7.17 (0.078)* 7.20 (0.078)* 7.26 (0.070)* <  0.001 0.800 0.299
Bicarbonate (mmol/L) 25.0 (1.3) 24.4 (1.0) 12.8 (1.6)* 13.4 (1.8)* 14.6 (1.7)* 25.0 (0.9) 24.1 (1.0) 12.7 (1.9)* 13.4 (2.3)* 15.1 (2.5)* <  0.001 0.861 0.136
Lactate/protons 0.030 (0.012) 0.050 (0.018)* 0.24 (0.054)* 0.22 (0.022)* 0.21 (0.020)* 0.030 (0.015) 0.053 (0.016)* 0.24 (0.025)* 0.21 (0.021)* 0.21 (0.027)* <  0.001 0.910 0.691
Glucose (mmol/L) 5.09 (0.32) 5.96 (1.00)* 6.16 (1.36)* 6.18 (1.06)* 5.75 (0.80) 5.32 (0.56) 5.64 (0.84) 6.48 (1.57)* 6.18 (1.35) 5.68 (1.26) 0.001 0.541 0.225
Potassium (mmol/L) 4.31 (0.27) 4.17 (0.33) 5.34 (1.2)* 4.00 (0.29)* 4.20 (0.43) 4.23 (0.43) 4.40 (0.40) 5.00 (0.37)* 4.10 (0.30) 4.43 (0.29) 0.004 0.972 0.007
Calcium (mmol/L) 1.14 (0.076) 1.14 (0.062) 1.17 (0.077) 1.12 (0.058) 1.11 (0.055) 1.14 (0.060) 1.12 (0.046) 1.15 (0.071) 1.09 (0.065) 1.10 (0.063)* 0.025 0.412 0.959
Chloride (mmol/L) 114.1 (3.0) 113.2 (2.9) 114.7 (2.7) 112.2 (1.5) 113.5 (2.4) 114.1 (3.1) 115.0 (2.8) 115.3 (3.6) 114.1 (3.5) 113.5 (2.9) 0.268 0.358 0.272
Sodium (mmol/L) 137.5 (2.7) 139.2 (2.1) 142.1 (4.0)* 140.5 (2.8)* 139.2 (4.7) 137.5 (2.4) 138.0 (2.0) 141.8 (2.4)* 139.8 (3.2) 138.8 (2.3) 0.014 0.520 0.412
  1. Values are means (SD). Values are significantly different at p ≤ 0.05. * significant different from fasted