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Table 3 Interleukin-1β concentration [pg/ml] in study participants

From: The effect of vitamin D supplementation on the muscle damage after eccentric exercise in young men: a randomized, control trial

   SE SC OE OC p (between.groups)
Test I 1 h before 16.75 ± 16.50 9.80 ± 4.46 8.38 ± 6.14 4.00 ± 1.12 0.040
1 h after 18.71 ± 17.77 13.58 ± 3.45 8.14 ± 5.93 5.33 ± 1.56 0.007
24 h after 17.72 ± 17.51 6.59 ± 5.81 8.35 ± 7.15 4.76 ± 1.84 0.138
p (inside.groups) 0.368 0.002 0.122 0.050  
Test II 1 h before 4.65 ± 4.60 8.42 ± 4.84 4.53 ± 4.02 3.43 ± 2.07 0.126
1 h after 6.69 ± 5.12 12.66 ± 5.06 5.98 ± 4.80 5.59 ± 2.08 0.078
24 h after 7.00 ± 4.04 8.10 ± 4.10 6.01 ± 3.77 5.35 ± 2.24 0.556
p (inside groups) 0.007 0.009 0.005 0.066  
p (Test I vs. Test II) 1 h before 0.047 0.735 0.063 0.345  
1 h after 0.386 0.612 0.398 0.463  
24 h after 0.575 0.499 0.063 0.116  
  1. Results are shown as means ± SEM (SE – experimental group with suboptimal level of vitamin D, SC – control group with suboptimal level of vitamin D, OE – experimental group with optimal lever of vitamin D, OC – control group with optimal level of vitamin D); p (between groups) Kruskal-Wallis test; p (inside groups) Friedman test for dependent means; p (Test I vs Test II) Wilcoxon test