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Fig. 2 | Journal of the International Society of Sports Nutrition

Fig. 2

From: Effects of Bang® Keto Coffee Energy Drink on Metabolism and Exercise Performance in Resistance-Trained Adults: A Randomized, Double-blind, Placebo-controlled, Crossover Study

Fig. 2

Metabolism. Changes in resting metabolic rate (RMR; panel a) and respiratory exchange ratio (RER; panel b), assessed via indirect calorimetry, are displayed. For RMR, a significant condition by time interaction was observed using ANOVA with repeated measures. Subsequently, Tukey post-hoc comparisons were performed. Asterisks indicate significant differences between conditions at the specified time point, while E and PL indicate significant differences in the energy drink or placebo conditions, respectively, relative to the pre-beverage value. For RER, a significant main effect for time was observed. T indicates a significant difference from the pre-beverage time point in both groups combined. Error bars indicate the 95% confidence intervals for within-subjects SE due to the repeated-measures design of this study [24, 28]

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