Skip to main content

Table 2 Symptoms declared by the participants during the race

From: Analysis of food and fluid intake in elite ultra-endurance runners during a 24-h world championship

  Gastrointestinal symptoms (GIS) Other symptoms
Participant Difficulty to swallow Nausea Vomiting Diarrhea All GIS Muscular pain Fainting
#1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
#2 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
#3 1 (3) 0 0 0 1 (3) 3 (3–3-6) 0
#4 0 1 (2) 0 0 1 (2) 0 0
#5 1 (2) 1 (2) 0 0 2 (2–2) 1 (2) 0
#6 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 (0.5)a
#7 0 0 0 1 (3) 1 (3) 0 0
#8 1 (3) 1 (4) 0 0 2 (3–4) 0 0
#9 0 0 0 0 0 1 (12) 0
#10 0 1 (3) 0 0 1 (3) 0 0
#11 0 0 0 1 (5) 1 (5) 1 (5) 0
#12 0 0 1 (3) 0 1 (3) 1 (6) 0
Totalb 3 4 1 2 8 5 1
% 25 33 8 17 67 42 8
  1. The number of occurrence for each participant is indicated followed by the duration (in h) of each occurrence in brackets
  2. aFainting occured during the last hour of the race and lasted approximately 30 min until the end of the race
  3. bTotal number of participants experiencing the same symptom. The number of individual occurrences was not considered for the calculation