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Table 2 Frequently avoided foods pre-race by race distance

From: Dietary restrictions in endurance runners to mitigate exercise-induced gastrointestinal symptoms

Foods Avoided5 km n(%)6–10 km n(%)11–21 km n(%)22+ km
n(%)
p-value
Meat18 (28)37 (31)40 (31)18 (43).404
Milk products15 (27)41 (39)28 (25)9 (25).110
Fish/seafood18 (27)35 (29)32 (25)16 (39).416
Poultry14 (21)32 (26)27 (21)14 (33).350
High-fiber14 (21)22 (18)34 (26)17 (41).024
Chocolate12 (18)31 (25)30 (23)8 (19).757
Legumes10 (15)20 (16)26 (20)13 (31).176
Coffee or tea19 (29)31 (25)15 (12)1 (2)<.001
Energy drinks15 (23)21 (17)16 (13)6 (14).269
Starchy vegetable12 (19)20 (16)18 (14)6 (14).864
Lactose-free milk11 (17)18 (15)13 (10)6 (14).502
Eggs10 (15)17 (14)14 (11)6 (15).744
Soy milk9 (14)16 (13)14 (11)6 (14).879
Sports drink9 (14)16 (13)11 (9)2 (5).360
Vegetables4 (7)12 (10)13 (10)9 (22).111
Cold cereal13 (20)11 (9)13 (10)4 (10).172
Coconut milk9 (14)13 (10)11 (9)7 (17).379
Almond milk9 (14)12 (10)10 (8)6 (14).430
  1. Foods commonly avoided pre-racing by race distance. Individuals with a self-declared intolerance to a food category were removed from the analysis for that food. Individuals, who selected “don’t compete” as their race distance were removed from the analyses. Percentages represent the frequency of individuals from each category who report avoiding the food. Differences between groups were determined by a Fisher’s exact test. Significant differences p < .05 are bolded