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Table 1 Descriptive and training characteristics of the 12 participants (mean ± SD)

From: Effects of supplementing with an 18% carbohydrate-hydrogel drink versus a placebo during whole-body exercise in −5 °C with elite cross-country ski athletes: a crossover study

 Females (n = 6)Males (n = 6)
Ageyears24.8 ± 5.325.6 ± 4.7
Heightcm167.7 ± 8.0181.1 ± 3.1*
Body masskg62.1 ± 6.475.7 ± 5.5*
Lean body masskg46.3 ± 5.262.3 ± 2.8**
Body fat%21.4 ± 0.913.5 ± 4.7*
\( \dot{\mathrm{V}} \)O2peakL·min−13.6 ± 0.55.3 ± 0.4**
mL·kg− 1·min− 159.9 ± 2.669.1 ± 2.9**
mL·kg LBM− 1·min− 181.1 ± 3.785.3 ± 6.7
Weekly training load (h)a17.5 ± 3.419.7 ± 2.2
Of which:
 Endurance exercise (h)≤ 75% HR12.8 ± 3.912.9 ± 4.1
75–80% HR1.6 ± 1.03.0 ± 2.9
80–85% HR0.9 ± 0.41.4 ± 0.7
≥ 85% HR0.9 ± 0.70.8 ± 0.5
 Gym-based strength training (h)1.2 ± 0.81.9 ± 0.9
  1. LBM lean body mass, HR heart rate
  2. aDuring the four weeks preceding the experimental trials
  3. *Significantly different from females, P < 0.05
  4. **Significantly different from females, P < 0.001