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Table 2 A comparison of perceived versus actual dietary intake (n = 17)

From: Nutrient Status and perceptions of energy and macronutrient intake in a Group of Collegiate Female Lacrosse Athletes

  Perceived Needs Perceived Intake Delta Perceived
p-value
Actual Intake Delta Intake
p-value
Energy Intake (kcals/day) 2000 ± 300 2214 ± 679 a (1,866, 2564) −30.8 ± 563a‡ (− 320, 259) 0.42 2137 ± 418 a (1,922, 2351) 78.0 ± 693 a‡ (− 278, 434) 0.65
Carbohydrate Intake (grams/day) 80 ± 213 150 ± 280 − 129 ± 228* 0.004 242 ± 73 a (204, 279) −30 ± 240 ‡ 0.33
Protein Intake (grams/day) 45 ± 41 30 ± 32.5 −33.8 ± 42.3* 0.39 77.7 ± 20.4 a (67, 88) −42.8 ± 42.3 ‡ 0.98
Fat Intake (grams/day) 30 ± 40 50 ± 63 22.9 ± 120* (− 84.6, 38.8) 0.007 86.1 ± 22.4 a (75, 98) 62.1 ± 306 ‡ (− 95, 219) 0.42
  1. a= Data is normally distributed and presented as means ± standard deviation with the 95% confidence interval in parentheses. Delta perceived = perceived needs – perceived intake. Delta intake = perceived intake – actual intake. * = p-value from Wilcoxon Signed Rank Test (non-normally distributed variables). ‡ = p-value from paired samples t-test (normally distributed data). When one value was non-normally distributed and another variable was normally distributed, a paired samples t-test was used to assess differences between the two means