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Table 4 Differences in AUCs and percentage changes in AUCs (exercise intensity: ≤65% VO2max and > 65% VO2max) between CD and KD

From: Effect of a four-week ketogenic diet on exercise metabolism in CrossFit-trained athletes

Indicator Females CD vs KD Males CD vs KD % CD-KD changes females vs males
VO2max VO2max VO2max
≤65% > 65% ≤65% > 65% ≤65% > 65%
p p p p p p
Fat oxidation (g·min−1·kgFFM−1) > 0.05 > 0.05 < 0.05↑ > 0.05 > 0.05 > 0.05
%Fat oxidation (% oxidation) > 0.05 > 0.05 < 0.05↑ > 0.05 > 0.05 > 0.05
CHO oxidation (g·min−1·kgFFM− 1) > 0.05 > 0.05 < 0.05↓ > 0.05 > 0.05 > 0.05
%CHO oxidation (% oxidation) > 0.05 < 0.05↓ < 0.05↓ > 0.05 > 0.05 > 0.05
EE (kcal·min−1·kgFFM− 1) > 0.05 < 0.05↓ > 0.05 > 0.05 > 0.05 > 0.05
  1. Note: Data express p-value for differences between CD and KD or females and males