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Table 2 Plasma and blood measurements before, after and 48 h after the marathon in 41 runners

From: Effects of a polysaccharide-based multi-ingredient supplement on salivary immunity in non-elite marathon runners

Biochemical values Total cohort Non-AA group AA group p-value
CRP_d0 (mg/dL) 0.85 ± 1.18 0.60 ± 1.28 1.00 ± 1.23 0.683
CRP_d1 (mg/dL) 0.55 ± 0.85 0.45 ± 2.91 0.95 ± 2.48 0.606
CRP_d2 (mg/dL) 7.6 ± 4.65 6.80 ± 5.00 8.95 ± 4.25 0.359
CK_d0 (U/L) 170.5 ± 123.8 188.5 ± 172.3 136.0 ± 125.3 0.633
CK_d1 (U/L) 566.0 ± 282.3 566.0 ± 251.5 567.5 ± 396.3 0.958
CK_d2 (U/L) 764.5 ± 540.8 788.5 ± 787.8 650.0 ± 513.8 0.368
Hs-TnT_d0 (ng/L) 3.1 ± 2.7 2.9 ± 2.0 3.4 ± 5.0 0.407
Hs-TnT_d1 (ng/L) 49.6 ± 68.1 48.9 ± 68.8 49.9 ± 68.8 0.449
Hs-TnT_d2 (ng/L) 4.8 ± 6.3 4.9 ± 7.2 4.6 ± 3.7 0.334
St2_d0 (ng/mL) 34.0 ± 14.8 34.7 ± 16.2 28.6 ± 16.0 0.394
St2_d1 (ng/mL) 54.9 ± 30.3 59.0 ± 40.5 43.3 ± 30.4 0.256
St2_d2 (ng/mL) 32.9 ± 20.5 37.7 ± 19.3 29.4 ± 17.1 0.059
NTproBNP_d0 (ng/L) 70.0 ± 0 70.0 ± 0 70.0 ± 0 0.336
NTproBNP_d1 (ng/L) 94.5 ± 70.5 100.5 ± 50.3 85.5 ± 221.3 0.392
NTproBNP_d2 (ng/L) 70.0 ± 0 70.0 ± 0 70.0 ± 0.5 0.845
Hemoglobin_d0 (g/L) 14.8 ± 1.3 14.8 ± 1.1 14.7 ± 1.6 0.350
Hemoglobin_d1 (g/L) 14.7 ± 1.1 14.8 ± 1.0 14.5 ± 0.3 0.173
Hemoglobin_d2 (g/L) 14.3 ± 0.7 14.4 ± 0.7 14.2 ± 0.9 0.170
Hematocrit_d0 43.7 ± 3.0 43.7 ± 3.1 43.8 ± 3.1 0.327
Hematocrit_d1 44.0 ± 4.2 44.3 ± 3.2 43.3 ± 3.4 0.132
Hematocrit_d2 42.7 ± 2.2 42.8 ± 1.8 42.2 ± 3.7 0.114
Erythrocytes_d0 (10Exp12/L) 4.9 ± 0.6 4.9 ± 0.4 5.1 ± 0.7 0.903
Erythrocytes_d1 (10Exp12/L) 5.0 ± 0.5 5.0 ± 0.4 5.0 ± 0.8 0.586
Erythrocytes_d2 (10Exp12/L) 4.8 ± 0.4 4.8 ± 0.3 4.9 ± 0.5 0.532
Platelets_d0 (10Exp9/L) 0.2 ± 0.0 0.2 ± 0.0 0.2 ± 0.0 0.063
Platelets_d1 (10Exp9/L) 0.2 ± 0.0 0.2 ± 0.1 0.2 ± 0.0 0.852
Platelets_d2 (10Exp9/L) 0.2 ± 0.0 0.2 ± 0.0 0.2 ± 0.0 0.555
Leukocyte_d0 (109/L) 6.5 ± 1.9 6.4 ± 1.3 6.5 ± 3.2 0.860
Leukocyte_d1 (109/L) 12.2 ± 5.3 16.1 ± 4.4 13.2 ± 4.6 0.032
Leukocyte_d2 (109/L) 6.6 ± 1.3 6.6 ± 1.4 6.6 ± 1.8 0.217
  1. AA group: Participants received Advanced Ambrotose Complex Powder (AA) supplementation prior the race
  2. Non-AA group: Participants did not received any AA supplement prior the race
  3. CK creatine kinase, CRP C-reactive protein, HGB hemoglobin, Hs-TnT high-sensitivity troponin T, NT-proBNP N-terminal pro-B-type natriuretic peptide
  4. Values are reported as mean ± SD for the quantitative and in percentage for the categorical. ANOVA test was used for parametric variables; Kruskal Wallis test was used for non parametric variables; Chi-Square Pearson for categorical variables