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Table 1 Participant characteristics, anthropometric and training data before the marathon

From: Effects of a polysaccharide-based multi-ingredient supplement on salivary immunity in non-elite marathon runners

Baseline characteristics Total cohort Non-AA group AA group p-value
Number of runners 41 21 20  
Age (years) 39.3 ± 9.2 39.3 ± 12.8 39.2 ± 4.9 0.717
Weight (Kg) 77.0 ± 11.0 74.0 ± 12.0 78.5 ± 12.0 0.208
Height (cm) 178.0 ± 8.0 178.0 ± 7.0 179.5 ± 8.0 0.142
BMI (kg/m2) 24.1 ± 3.4 23.8 ± 3.0 24.2 ± 3.7 0.696
Training (years) 8.0 ± 8.5 7.0 ± 6.5 9.0 ± 12.3 0.537
Training (hours/week) 7.0 ± 5.3 6.0 ± 4.5 7.0 ± 4.9 0.106
Loss weight (%) 3.1 ± 1.8 3.1 ± 2.9 3.1 ± 1.7 0.276
Race time 3.5 ± 0.5 3.4 ± 0.6 3.6 ± 0.5 0.265
  1. AA group: Participants received Advanced Ambrotose Complex Powder (AA) supplementation prior the race
  2. Non-AA group: Participants did not received any AA supplement prior the race
  3. BMI: body mass index
  4. Values are reported as mean ± SD for the quantitative and in percentage for the categorical. ANOVA test was used for parametric variables; Kruskal Wallis test was used for non parametric variables; Chi-Square Pearson for categorical variables