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Table 3 Body weight, body composition, and strength assessments

From: Chocolate Milk versus carbohydrate supplements in adolescent athletes: a field based study

  Overall CM CHO Main effect Interaction
  Mean ± SD Mean ± SD Mean ± SD F (df) p-value ES F(df) p-value ES
Body weight (kg)
 Pre 73.3 ± 18.5 70.3 ± 16.7 76.8 ± 19.8 3.34 (1, 101) 0.07 0.03 0.49 (1, 101) 0.43 0.01
 Post 74.4 ± 18.8 71.0 ± 16.6 77.4 ± 20.3       
Composite Strength Score (kg)
 Pre 173.6 ± 81.9 166.8 ± 73.5 179.7 ± 89.5 11.09 (1, 49) 0.002 0.18 4.3 (1, 49) 0.04 0.08
 Post 185.8 ± 80.2 187.3 ± 75.6 184.5 ± 85.5       
Bench press (kg)
 Pre 73.1 ± 32.5 71.8 ± 31.8 74.5 ± 33.7 .01 (1, 79) 0.94 <.001 5.01 (1,79) 0.03 0.06
 Post 73.3 ± 31.2 74.3 ± 29.4 72.2 ± 33.5       
Squat (kg)
 Pre 104.4 ± 51.2 100.1 ± 43.1 108.5 ± 58.2 14.5 (1, 56) <.001 0.21 1.07 (1, 56) 0.31 0.002
 Post 116.2 ± 50.8 115.2 ± 46.6 117.1 ± 55.1       
  1. Abbreviations: CHO Carbohydrate drink, CM Chocolate Milk drink, SD Standard deviation, kg Kilogram