Skip to main content

Advertisement

Table 3 Body composition outcomes

From: The effects of chronic betaine supplementation on body composition and performance in collegiate females: a double-blind, randomized, placebo controlled trial

  Pre-Training Post-Training Effect Size 95% CI for Δ
Body Mass (kg) B 70.2 ± 13.8 70.9 ± 13.8 a 0.06 −0.55, 1.93
PL 67.1 ± 10.1 68.3 ± 10.6 a 0.10 0.18, 2.13
Body Fat (%) B 33.1 ± 9.3 29.7 ± 9.5 ab − 0.44 −4.58, − 2.08
PL 32.3 ± 6.2 30.6 ± 5.8 a − 0.23 − 2.74, − 0.74
Fat Mass (kg) B 23.9 ± 11.2 21.9 ± 11.4 ab − 0.22 −2.76, − 1.30
PL 22.0 ± 6.5 21.3 ± 6.6 a − 0.09 − 1.59, 0.03
Fat Free Mass (kg) B 46.0 ± 6.8 48.9 ± 6.3 a 0.49 1.31, 4.56
PL 45.1 ± 5.6 47.0 ± 5.6 a 0.32 1.33, 2.52
Total Water (L) B 32.8 ± 4.4 33.7 ± 4.3 a 0.22 −0.78, 2.45
PL 31.3 ± 3.8 32.9 ± 3.8 a 0.39 0.82, 2.44
Intracellular Water (L) B 16.9 ± 2.3 17.7 ± 2.0 a 0.40 −0.10, 1.62
PL 16.2 ± 1.9 17.3 ± 1.7 a 0.55 0.57, 1.54
Extracellular Water (L) B 15.8 ± 2.4 15.9 ± 2.4 0.05 −0.80, 0.98
PL 15.0 ± 1.9 15.6 ± 2.1 0.29 0.08, 0.20
RF Muscle Thickness (mm) B 2.97 ± 0.64 3.11 ± 0.67 a 0.26 0.08, 0.19
PL 2.84 ± 0.44 2.98 ± 0.54 a 0.26 0.09, 0.18
  1. B betaine, PL placebo
  2. asignificantly different from pre-training
  3. bsignificantly different from placebo