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Table 1 Anthropometric and Demographic Characteristics of the Subjects Displayed by Diet Group

From: Quality of life of female and male vegetarian and vegan endurance runners compared to omnivores – results from the NURMI study (step 2)

   Total Omnivorous Vegetarian/Vegan p
Number of Subjects 281 (100%) 123 (43.77%) 158 (56.23%)  
Sex Female 159 (56.58%) 58 (47.15%) 101 (63.92%) 0.005
Male 122 (43.42%) 65 (52.85%) 57 (36.08%)
Mean Age (years)   40.00 ± 11.00 41.96 ± 11.02 38.26 ± 10.84 0.005
Race Distance
 Control Group 10 km 108 (38.43%) 43 (34.96%) 65 (41.14%) 0.561
 NURMI-Runners Half-Marathon 103 (36.65%) 47 (38.21%) 56 (35.44%)
Marathon/Ultramarathon 70 (24.91%) 33 (26.83%) 37 (23.42%)
Mean Body Weight (kg)   65.62 ± 10.53 67.91 ± 10.78 63.85 ± 10.01 0.001
Mean Height (m)   1.72 ± 0.87 1.73 ± 0.08 1.72 ± 0.90 0.134
Mean BMICALC (kg/m2)   22.03 ± 2.49 22.55 ± 2.44 21.63 ± 2.45 0.002
Academic Qualification No Qualification 1 (<  1%) 0 (<  1%) 1 (<  1%) 0.464
Upper Secondary Education/Technical Qualification/GCSE or Equivalent 94 (33.45%) 45 (36.59%) 49 (31.01%)
A Levels or Equivalent 62 (22.06%) 32 (26.02%) 30 (18.99%)
University Degree/Higher Degree (i. e. doctorate) 96 (34.16%) 36 (29.27%) 60 (37.97%)
No Answer 28 (9.96%) 10 (8.13%) 18 (11.39%)
Marital Status Divorced/Separated 16 (5.69%) 3 (2.44%) 13 (8.23%) 0.004
Married/Living with Partner 190 (67.62%) 94 (76.42%) 96 (60.76%)
Single 75 (26.69%) 26 (21.14%) 49 (31.01%)
Country of Residence Austria 50 (17.79%) 28 (22.76%) 22 (13.92%) 0.010
Germany 200 (71.17%) 85 (69.11%) 115 (72.78%)
Switzerland 14 (4.98%) 8 (6.5%) 6 (3.8%)
Other 17 (6.05%) 2 (1.63%) 15 (9.49%)
  1. Note. Results are presented as mean ± SD. 10 km – 10 Kilometer Control Group. BMICALC – Body Mass Index (calculated). p – p-value for difference among groups