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Table 2 Results before and after the intervention for body composition by groups

From: Efficacy of ketogenic diet on body composition during resistance training in trained men: a randomized controlled trial

  Pre Post ES Interaction p-value (ηp2)
(Mean ± SD) (Mean ± SD)
BW CG 78.9 ± 6.5 79.2 ± 6.6 0.05 Time 0.830 (0.002)
KD 78.8 ± 7.8 77.4 ± 7.9 −0.18 Group 0.437 (0.076)
NDK 74.6 ± 5.3 75.5 ± 4.9* 0.18 Time x Group 0.016 (0.327)
FM CG 13.4 ± 4.5 12.8 ± 4.0 −0.12 Time 0.013 (0.258)
KD 12.0 ± 2.7 10.9 ± 2.2* −0.46 Group 0.457 (0.072)
NDK 11.3 ± 2.6 10.9 ± 2.7 −0.17 Time x Group 0.447 (0.074)
VAT CG 757.7 ± 265.3 759.4 ± 317.2 0.01 Time 0.031 (0.203)
KD 688.9 ± 125.4 592.4 ± 103.1* −0.84 Group 0.490 (0.066)
NDK 658.0 ± 200.5 624.2 ± 201.5 −0.17 Time x Group 0.130 (0.177)
LBM CG 65.6 ± 2.6 66.4 ± 3.5 0.26 Time 0.023 (0.224)
KD 66.8 ± 6.8 66.5 ± 6.9 −0.04 Group 0.516 (0.061)
NDK 63.2 ± 4.4 64.6 ± 4.2* 0.31 Time x Group 0.025 (0.297)
  1. Data are means ± SD; Greenhouse-Geisser univariate p-levels are presented for each variable; p < 0.05 is considered significant; (*) denotes a significant difference from baseline; ES Effect Size (Cohen’s d), BW Total body weight, FM Fat mass, VAT Visceral adipose tissue, LBM lean body mass